Existence in this sophisticated world as the habitat of human life has been faced with numerous challenges exhibited in policies that govern relationships. Human variations in perception of various life concepts are navigated by understanding, knowledge and the meaning attached to issues. Poverty, racism, global warming, terrorism, disease, political and religious affiliations are among the issues that impinge human relations today. These problems are influenced with people’s knowledge about existence and what they consider to be valid. Thus, philosophy has manifested great contribution in helping people achieve harmonious existence by relying on reason in arguments via successful communication and decision making processes. Epistemology, …show more content…
Epistemological, ontological and axiological contribution in elaborating who I am and my stand I am a person who is committed to contributing to epistemology ontology and axiology in understanding the society for my benefit and other people. I believe in education, technology dynamics, and change in general but the role played by philosophy in the understanding of the world and its variations. Philosophy has enabled me to understand that epistemology and ontology are important elements knowledge acquisition and proof. Epistemology is distinct from ontology in the sense that epistemology focuses on the knowledge of things, the way we know things while ontology investigates what things are in nature and origin which helps me to know who I am. Epistemology is concerned with belief rationality, nature, origin, methods, knowledge validity and limits of human knowledge, (Genest, 2004). Following this observation am committed to understanding how the truth about what I know influences my personal beliefs and ideologies. Eventually, my ultimate concern is to justify and verify the little knowledge I possess. According to the school of evidentialism, the evidence is relevant in the justification of belief, (Clark & VanArragon, 2011). Secondly, ontology is concerned with the entities in the universe, and I must understand it to understand the world. Questions ranging
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God is defined as a spirit or being that has great power, strength, knowledge, that can affect nature and the lives of people. Many individuals around the world believe in the existence of a higher being known as God. The dilemma of God existing has troubled and people for thousands of years. Labeling “God” for most people is not an easy task because everyone has their own concept of who and what God means to them. In this paper, I would like to show that there is a God and he is not dead. The two arguments in favor of the existence of God are reason and experience. The Teleological and Ontological are two moral arguments that effect reasoning in connection to experience. Reason is an ontological argument by St. Anselm of Canterbury in the
To begin with it should be taken into consideration the circumstances in which humanity found itself in when these sort philosophical musings of ontology became so prevalent among the society of thinkers and intellectuals. With the turbulence and constant change of the late 19th and 20th century it only makes sense that people would begin to wonder what it all really means. With wars, genocide, and poverty contrasted against the unprecedented industrial and technological advances of the time not to mention the exponential growth in some populations, it became easier and easier to lose one 's identity as the world begins to
The pursuit of truth: Epistemology provides understanding for the reader to gain insight to the way that humans process and react to truth. Epistemology is the pursuit of intellectual virtue. It wants to provide an evidentiary basis for belief, rather than one of just opinion. Entwistle then brings up another important topic which is Metaphysics. Metaphysics can be defined as the philosophical investigation of the nature, constitution and stature of reality. Philosophical anthropology attempts to validate assumptions made by theologians and psychologists about human nature and behavior (Entwistle, pp119).
The four main branches of philosophy are epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and logic. I will explore epistemology, the study of knowledge. The study of epistemology tries to define knowledge; identify the source of knowledge; the process of acquiring knowledge, and measures the limits of knowledge. Epistemology has intrigued philosophers since the Pre-Socratic era. In the 17th century, a fresh revolutionary outlook known as the Age of Enlightenment many new theories of epistemology began to emerge.
After the Ontology, we should think about Epistemology which is the theory of getting the knowledge. There are different views of epistemology. For example, if we do not have a single reality then we should interpret the reality; in this regard the epistemology is interpreted.
One’s ethical belief system of what is right or wrong, is based on the lens in which one views life, or the worldview that one subscribes to. These beliefs can be adopted from a host of circumstances, consciously from a thoughtful introspective place, it can be shaped by one’s familial upbringing, a spiritual experience with God, or from an unreflective place derived unconsciously from one’s value system based on external resources. When shaping a conscious worldview in which our ethical belief system is a derivative, the framework of ontology, epistemology and axiology gives us the ability to ask who are we, what is truth, and how did we arrive at our values (Porter, 2013).
Ontological argument is based on mind and analysing the concept of God (2/3 however, cosmological argument is about causation and observation of the world. According to this argument’s believers everything that came to the world should have a cause that bring it to exist and that thing is God (davise 75). This essay will explain the ontological argument about existence of God from the Anselm and Descartes’s point of view as two of the most important supporters of this argument. This essay will also explain that this argument is a valid and sound argument. Ontological argument is a priori argument, which means unlike a posteriori arguments such as the cosmological argument about existence of God; it does not need any experimental evidence or the world observation to
The philosophy of existentialism is based primarily on a single question. One that asks the meaning of life or if there was some set path that individuals must follow. In the past, the answer to this would lie within religion, but as the human race continued to learn about the world, it became apparent that religion held little truth in terms of explanation. Since then, to philosopher’s dismay, there has been no definite answer to replace religion, nor will there ever be one. Instead, the concept of existentialism dawned on philosophers and scholars alike.
Philosophy engages us to ask a multitude of questions about our place in the world. Many of us start questioning as children, but later in life we tend to ignore them. Philosophers, help us address question such as What can we know? What should we do? What may we hope? What makes human beings human?
As this research is exploratory in nature that is, it sought to explore and examine decision-making, morality and ‘sense-making’ amongst human participants I was naturally orientated towards an interpretivist epistemological position. The central thesis of interpretivism is that knowledge, its origin and interpretation is founded on human subjectivities and as such complemented my own world view that knowledge is indeed
1. Religion “Religion is humanity’s oldest philosophy, and most controversial.” (p. 188) The rationalist view of faith finds a reason to believe.
Ever since the existence of a civilization, the fundamental question of how and why; to identify and explain the human’s nature and how man is ought to live, has been the key element in philosophical world. Many philosophers provided and made public of how they viewed this world as, and the human in it, and experimented themselves with their approaches, however, no philosophers could possibly bring forth the same views as other philosophers nor yield an answer which do not leave a sense of doubt in our mind. None of the theories were incorrect, but none of them were right in the sense that even two
From the beginning of time, people all over the world have wondered where we come from, what our divine purpose in life is, and what we can expect after death. Questions about right and wrong, society and government, and nature and the cosmos, are some of the few wonders that ultimately created some of the earliest philosophies and religions, helping people find peace and explanation to the vast curiosity that still troubles us in modern times. From a technical standpoint, religion is defined as an everlasting devotion to a recognized higher being or entity, through a personal or formed practice of belief. Philosophy on the other hand, refers to the particular study of common
Religion is the shared collections of transcendental beliefs that have been passed on from believers to converts, that are held by adherents to be actively meaningful and serious and either based on: formally documents doctrine, or established cultural practises . Religion in philosophy presents many quandaries and theories surrounding the existence of the “supreme being” God with arguments concerning the universe’s existence, and humans’ ability to understand the nature, intentions and involvement of God. The main argument focused on throughout this essay is the ontological argument, claiming that once humans understand the concept and idea of God, humans should therefore see that God must exists. Ontology focuses on a Priori; knowledge that is independent of all experiences. The ontological
Philosophy is the careful study if the states of, validity, existence, and conduct. It comes from the Greek word, philosophia, which translates into “the love of wisdom”. Philosophy encompasses a vast range of topics and ever person, place, thing, and idea has its roots embedded in it. For the purpose of this paper, I will be only covering the branches of epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics. These branches serve as the building blocks for studying and teaching philosophy. While examining these building blocks, I will argue why philosophy should be studied.