Essay On CALL

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The emergence of CALL
CALL Stand for : Computer Assisted Language Learning .
The search for and programs of the computer in language teaching and learning .
Introduction
t has been over 50 years since the emergence of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) that would forever change how second/foreign languages are taught. This article presents a historical overview of the evolution of CALL from the early years of the mainframe computer to the integrative technologies of the 21st century. It examines the evolution of the dual fields of educational technology and second/foreign language teaching as they intertwined over the last half of the 20th century into present day CALL. The paper describes the paradigm shifts experienced along thisjourney
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2- Communicative CALL
What is Communicative CALL?
Communicative CALL is based on the communicative approach to foreign language teaching which became prominent in the 1970’s and 1980’s.
The communicative approach
1- Is a reaction to the audio-lingual approach.
2-Focuses on language as a medium of communication.
3- Recognizes that we use language to get things done: we speak a language in order to communicate with others (e.g. we want to express likes and dislikes, ask somebody’s hobbies, find directions to a place).
How the Communicative CALL works?
1-Grammar is taught implicitly rather than explicitly.
2-Computers are used to stimulate discussion, writing or critical thinking. Students are encouraged to generate original utterances rather than just manipulate prefabricated language.
3-The programmes avoid telling students that they are wrong and are flexible to a variety of student

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