Feminism : Women And Femininity

3914 WordsNov 24, 201616 Pages
Women and femininity in psychoanalysis Jacques Lacan Yasaman Rafiei Prof: Nancy Frelick Span 501B Introduction One of the unclear and questionable subjects in psychoanalysis, from Freud to Lacan, is the psychology of women and femininity. Male-centered psychoanalysis, which with no doubt is a reflection of tradition, patriarchy, misogyny and women discrimination as a second gender,; is the most important factor that this theory is static and conservative despite some valuable revelation. In my point of view, the founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, under the influences of his dogmatic beliefs about on ?Superego weakness for women?, lack of the ability to flourish in this ?Superego?, and ?Manqu?? (believing in lack of emotional, sexual and physical aspects in women), grounded the ?psychology of femininity? in the a vicious circle., because This is due to the fact that Freud?s Theory of Femininity[footnoteRef:1] (1931) was somehow the Freudian ?forcing?, which measured women by the standards applied to men (Soler: 9). [1: In the Theory of Femininity lectures Freud categorises femininity as ?Passive?, contrasting to ?activity? of masculinity. Freud draws the distinction between gender and femininity making it clear that femininity cannot be categorised purely as psychological and indeed includes social/ cultural aspects (Freud,1931).] The discussed mystery in psychoanalysis shows itself in the social and civil situation of women.: In 1903when , Freud was
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