Historical Reference Of Social Psychology

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Historical Reference of Social Psychology
Social psychology uses scientific methods to understand how people’s opinions and behaviors are influenced by the actual presence or the implied presence of others. Social psychology is an integrative field that builds the gap between psychology and sociology. Sociology, on the other hand, is the scientific study of human behavior. In addition, social psychology is a comparatively new field that originated in the early 20th century. In 1954 Gordon Allport nominated Auguste Comte, the French philosopher as the founder of social psychology, he saw it as a science separate from both psychology and sociology; he called it la morale positive (Allport, 1968). In this historical overview, evidence of
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He also suggested that psychology should be divided into two branches: social psychology and physiological psychology. This suggestion helped in the early distinction of social psychology from psychology.
In North America, G. Stanley Hall, was the major promoter of psychology. In 1883, he founded the first experimental laboratory at Johns Hopkins University. He also published the first psychological journal in English called the American Journal of Psychology in 1887 (Bringmann, Bringmann, & Early, 1992). He explored on topics like vision, the brain, sensation, hearing, the will and the self. Both Wilhelm Wundt and G. Stanley Hall’s scientific studies helped in the development of social psychology as a distinct field.
Social Psychology’s Historical Link to Sociology
According to Deflem, (2013) Auguste Comte invented the word ‘sociologie’ and created the science of sociology. However, it was not institutionalized until several years later. It was Norman Triplett that conducted the first credited social psychological experimental study in 1895 (Davis & Becker, 1995). He discovered that individuals’ performance was augmented due to the presence of their perceived competition. From this conclusion, he developed a theory called ‘theory of dynamogenesis’ (Davis & Becker, 1995). Nevertheless, his discovery raised more questions than answers; these questions lead to further
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