Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region Of China Essay

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I. BACKGROUND / INTRODUCTION
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region of China, is a well-known international financial center with more than 7.3 million populations in 2015 that has more than 1,000 square kilometers of land area, reported statistics from Census and Statistics Department (CSD) (2016). However, according to Tuberculosis and Chest Service, Department of Health (DH), tuberculosis (TB) is still threatening this tiny little place since the nineteenth century (2006). In 2015, Centre for Health Protection (CHP) reported around 5,000 notification cases and approximately 170 deaths in Hong Kong on TB, including Chinese immigrants (2016). One TB patient would be found in every 1,000 persons in Hong Kong, which is around 10 times higher than western developed countries such as the United States or United Kingdom (DH, 2006). When discussing the lifetime risk of developing TB, an individual is affected in every 13 persons during some points of their lifetime (DH, 2006). As a result, the World Health Organization (WHO) concludes Hong Kong bears an intermediate burden of TB within the Western Pacific Region’s area (DH, 2006).
TB is a worldwide health threaten issue that affecting one-third of the world population (DH, 2006). The WHO identified TB as a top infectious killing disease, which takes more than one million lives in 2014 globally (2016). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicates that TB usually first starts with affecting the lungs with symptoms

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