How Does The Knowledge Of God Involve Faith And Reason?

Decent Essays

By: John Rayson
Class: PHI 3393A
Professor: Jeffrey Reid
Due: November 3, 2015

Spinoza, Lessing, Jacobi, Mendelssohn
How Does the Knowledge of God Involve Faith and Reason?

Midterm Exam

Jacobi and Mendelssohn have two opposing views as to the position faith and reason when considering the knowledge of God. Jacobi advocates faith while Mendelssohn prefers reason. They are on opposite sides of the pantheism controversy. In pantheism, God is omnipresent. Everyone can learn to intellectually love God and, as he is everywhere, we require no mediation to communicate with Him. Spinoza spawned a school of thought called Spinozism. In this he uses the concept of a subject and predicate relationship and the principle of sufficient reason to determine the existence of God. He values both faith and reason. Lessing is of the same opinion, that both faith and reason are necessary components. He incorporates them into his idea of humanism and general acceptance which will evolve into a religion of universal reason. Jacobi and Mendelssohn are of two separate minds. Jacobi believes faith is the only source of truth while Mendelssohn thinks reason is the more logical path.
Spinoza stated that a glimmer of faith is the manifestation of intuition of the truth. He was seen as the most fervent defender of pantheism. Spinoza saw God’s transcendent nature in his infinite qualities. All mortal, physical things are conceived by God. This unifies all things. As

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