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How Psychological Theory Can Support Individuals with Additional Needs

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Describe, analyse and evaluate how psychological theory can support individuals with additional needs within an environment. The wide range of Special educational needs (SEN) , meaning schools have to be adaptable and diverse to cater for the wide range of additional needs. This essay will briefly describe the range of SEN and outline how historical findings, government strategies and different psychological theories have changed the way SEN are approached. Types of SEN: ‘Autism was first described by the American Leo Kanner in 1943’ (Hodder Arnold., 2002.,) Students with Autism are known to suffer from social problems and find it hard to understand different social situations so would need consistency and routine in their lives along…show more content…
They believed teachers could change the way they approach different SEN and make amendments for those who needed it in order to cater for their needs. In 1978 The Warnock report set out to provide provisions for handicapped children in ordinary schools. The report focused on many subjects that can be seen as important towards dyslexic students such as the proposal to drop categorisation as this would enable students to be seen as individuals rather than a group of students with similar needs meaning IEPs could be implemented to help them. The report also suggested extra teacher education to enable teachers to understand the need for curricular considerations for certain students. In 1981 the Education act made it a legal requirement to assess children in order to discover the scale of their learning difficulties; this would specifically target student’s individual needs which can be seen as a great advantage. The Special Educational Needs and Disability Act (SENDA) was implemented in 2001 to ensure that disabled students are not discriminated against in education or any other learning environments. The Act included a wide range of opportunities to be made for those with SEN such as field trips, courses and work placements in order for them to socialize with people with equal learning difficulties. Gifted and talented: Looking at the history of SEN it would appear that there is very little recognition of students who
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