Integrating Constructive Feedback in Personalised E-Learning

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Integrating Constructive Feedback in Personalised E-Learning
Jude T. Lubega1 and Shirley Williams2

Makerere University, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda, East Africa 2 Department of Computer Science, University of Reading, P.O. Box 225, Whiteknights, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 6AY, United Kingdom

Abstract. When using e-learning material some students progress readily, others have difficulties. In a traditional classroom the teacher would identify those with difficulties and direct them to additional resources. This support is not easily available within e-learning. A new approach to providing constructive feedback is developed that …show more content…

The constructive feedback depends on the tracked information from individual interactions with the learning activities.

2 E-Learning Process
E-learning is a process of knowledge construction that involves stakeholders participating in several online activities such as content authoring, assessment and collaboration. They participate in the different activities so that they can achieve their learning goals. As Constructivism states, learners play an active role and take on responsibility to construct their own knowledge and meaning [10, 11, 12]. This active role is clearly witnessed in e-learning environments which are designed to offer personalised learning process. A personalised learning process is one where learners use LMS to interact with learning content designed to suit their own learning styles with the aim of achieving new knowledge. These LMS are currently trying to cope with the paradigm shift from teacher-centred to learner-centred. In learner-centred learning, learners construct knowledge through inquiry, communication and creative thinking. They use different learning styles to make their own judgement hence making meaning out of the learning process. The different ways by which information is presented to the learners affects how they act on it. The individual learner’s actions become the basis of what feedback should be generated for them. The seven principles of good practice [13] act as a benchmark for guiding e-learning

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