Intro to Psychology: Chapter Notes 1- 5

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October 22nd, 2012
Chapter 1- What is psychology? [pp. 1-23]
LO1: Psychology as a Science (p. 4) * Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. * Seeks to describe, explain, predict, and control behavior and mental processes. * Theory * propose reason for relationships * derive explanations * make predictions
LO2: What psychologists do (p. 5-6) * Research * pure Research * Applied Research * Practice * Teaching * Fields of Psychology * Clinical Counseling School Industrial Educational Developmental personality Health Forensic Social Environmental Experimental sport
LO3: Where does psychology come from? (Germany) (p.7-10)
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rkinson’s disease * Schizophrenia * Norepinephrine * Excitatory Neurotransmitter * Accelerates heart rate, affects eating, linked to activity levels, learning and remembering * Mood Disorders, depression, bipolar disorder * Serotonin * Emotional arousal and sleep * eating disorders, alcoholism, depression, aggression, insomnia * Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) * Inhibitory may help relax anxiety reactions * depression * Endorphins * Occur naturally within the brain and bloodstream * inhibit pain * may be connected to indifference to pain * runner’s high * Parts of the nervous system * Central nervous system * Brain and spinal cord * peripheral nervous system * sensory (afferent) and motor (efferent) neurons * Somatic Nervous system * sensory motor neurons * transmits messages to the brain and purposeful body movements from the brain * Autonomic nervous system * Regulates glans and muscles of internal organs * contains sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions * Branches of the autonomic nervous system * Sympathetic * Most active during emotional responses * spend the body’s reserves
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