Introduction to Film Cinema and Literature

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1) EVOLUTION OF FILM In 1873, Leland Stanford, a former California Governor needed help in winning a bet that he had made with a friend. Stanford was convinced that horse in gallop had all four feet off the ground and was bent on proving it. Since it was impossible to prove such a thing by merely watching a horse race, he employed the services of Eadweard Muybridge, who was a well-known photographer. Muybridge worked on the problem for four years and finally came up with a solution in 1877. He arranged a series of still cameras along a stretch of race track and each camera took its picture as the horse sprinted by. The result of the photographs proved Leland Stanford right thereby making him win the bet. But rather than…show more content…
celebrities, weight lifters, jugglers etc, and they were shot in fixed frame because they never moved their cameras. This also means that their films were never edited. French film maker Georges Melies was the first to make narrative motion pictures in 1896. This he did by using his movies to tell stories. Melies is often called the “first artist of the cinema” because he was the first to introduce creativity into movie making by using different frames, changing sets and telling stories. The movie industry has since then passed different other stages in its developmental journey till it has come to become what it is to be today. Figures Fig.1.1 [pic] A forerunner of the modern movie projector, the zoopraxiscope was an invention of the 19th-century photographer Eadweard Muybridge. The zoopraxiscope used light to project sequential images from a rotating glass disc, producing the illusion of animation. The principle was much the same as in earlier projection devices, such as the zoetrope. Retrieved from Fig.1.2 [pic] Retrieved from Fig.1.3 |Kinetograph (W.K-L. Dickson-Thomas Edison) |[pic] | |Camera (the first to use perforated film stock) for
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