(i) What are the symptoms of this disease?
(Symptoms are signs that show a disease, eg spots, fever, coughing, etc)
Some symptoms caused by Kidney stones include Severe pain in the side and back and below the rib, nausea and vomiting and effects on the Urine.
Pain: One of the symptoms of kidney stones is pain. The pain from kidney stones is caused when the stone tries to push it way through the muscles in the wall of the ureter and into the bladder. The pain is usually felt throughout the sides off the affected Kidney and reaches it way into the back after a short period of time. The pain is also felt in the lower abdomen and the groin area. The pain changes dramatically, from server to minor throughout a period of time. The pain comes …show more content…
However if the stone inside the kidney don't pass after a long period of time or if it has grown and blocked the flow of urine, then endoscopic surgery is required. Endoscopic surgery requires an endoscope, which is a thin, long, flexible tube with a camera and a light attached to it. The camera is used to help the surgeon find the rock inside the urinary tract. Endoscopic surgeries that are used to remove stones from the kidney are called Cystoscopic and Ureteroscopic endoscopic surgeries. Cystoscope is a long, thin scope with an eyepiece attached on one of the ends and a lens to the other to help view in the bladder. Cystoscope are usually used to remove stones in the bladder and urethra but usually are not used to remove a stone from the ureter as the Cystoscope is not long enough to reach it. Ureteroscope is longer then an Cystoscope and can be used for surgeries beyond the bladder into the ureters. Once the Ureteroscope is inserted through the urethra,into the bladder and up through the ureter, the surgeon removes the stone with a tiny basket attached to a thin wire, which is attached to the Ureteroscope. The surgeon can also use laser lithotripsy, which is a technology, that has a laser in it. The strong light from the laser helps fragment the stones, the stones then can easily pass through …show more content…
(Does the doctor use it on the patient at the start of the disease or as a last resort when other treatments such as…… are not effective? )
The technology is used only if the stone is big or if the stone is blocking the flow of urine. The doctor will tell the patient to book for an appointment, so a Endoscopic surgery can be performed, to take out the stone.
(iii)Describe the advantages and disadvantages of using this technology.
There are a lot of Advantages with the use of Endoscopy. Endoscopy is a great technology because the surgery can be done without any incision by using the urethral orifice as the entry point. The surgery can also be done in a day, meaning you probably only need to stay at the hospital for about a day or so. The recovery is also quick, you will be able to go on with your daily activities normally within one to two days.
Even though there are a lot of Advantages, there are also some disadvantages when using Endoscopy. Some disadvantages are there is about 0.5% risk of damaging the
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- It is widely used and super important tool in most of suicidal procedures. Without it most surgery cannot be processed. And the equipment can largely increase the success rate of the operations. For some kinds of surgery the patients do not need to have large operation incisions. The importance of endoscope is obviously. So if the
Luckily, after the excruciating occurrence, the stone usually doesn’t damage anything. Sometimes there comes a situation where the kidney stone either becomes too big or for some reason gets wedged in the urinary tract and the pain worsens. Also, the urine begins to get backed up, and the bladder and urinary tract begins to get infected. Thus, an operation must be performed. Originally, they were removed, either by slicing the bladder or kidney open, or by shoving an instrument up the ureter. Fortunately, through the miracles of technology, one does not necessarily have to go through this “invasive” treatment. Instead, there is a treatment that uses shockwaves to slice up the stone. This is called kidney stone lithotripsy. A large machine uses sound waves to break up the stone into small fragments that can be more easily passed through.
Other symptoms of gall stone formation in your body are decreased appetite, severe pain by your left side, vomiting, low grade fever, abdominal distention, flatulence, elevated cholesterol level and taking deep breaths causes you pain.
Kidney Stone has been developing amongst individuals in the most recent 30 years and the purpose behind it is still obscure. A large number of individuals every year have issues with kidney stones, and there isn't a genuine cure to dissolving the kidney stone. Specialists can't do much other than instruct them to keep hydrated and give them torment relievers; if nothing works they need to do surgery. On the other hand, there are a considerable measure of theories in regards to home cures including kidney stones. Specialists need help to check whether some home cures will really cure it. Scientists
The next symptom that you may experience is blood in your urine. When urinating, your normal colour should be a yellow or a clear colour, with kidney cancer it tends to turn a rusty red with blood in it. This may also cause pain when urinating that feels like severe cramping.
The advantage of this method is that you can avoid constant catheterization which is associated with several problems, such as male infertility and tract infections. The method also ensures that patients can keep their bladder pressure low throughout the day. These catheters do not cause prolonged issues and can easily be avoided once the person is able to use ordinary methods.
First my father had to go through Transurethral Surgery, to remove the primary tumor from his bladder. During this procedure a resectoscope is passed through the urethra and into the bladder. This instrument has a wire loop attached at the end of it, which is used to scrape the tumor off the wall of the bladder. The tumor is then sent to the lab to be tested for cancer. The patient of this surgery can be placed on either regional anesthesia (patient’s lower body is numbed) or general anesthesia (patient is completely asleep). Side effects to this surgery can include bleeding and pain when urinating. This procedure is very effective because the tumor is completely removed from the bladder and the site is burned to ensure the base of the tumor was removed. My father has had this surgery twice in the past two years where they have successfully removed all of his tumors. He does suffer side effects from the transurethral surgery, such as vomiting, difficulty urinating, and is in a lot of pain, but it prevents him from having to go through Chemotherapy (American Cancer
Urinary stones, as known as Nephrolithiasis, a common disease that affects 1 in 10 Australians. The most of stones pass spontaneously, but some conditions, particularly ongoing pain, renal impairment and infection, mandate intervention (Macneil & Bariol, 2011). The formation of urinary stone is the calcium and uric get stuck together in the urine and becomes hard crystals. It can be small as the grain of sand or large as a golf ball (Health line, N.D). Patient whom has urinary stone will feel ongoing pain that as known as renal colic, when those stones become big enough. Renal colic is a pain caused by urinary tract stone blockage, it can be anywhere in the urinary tract that including the area from kidneys to the ureters, urinary bladder and urethra.
Post-renal failure has to do with an acute obstruction to urine outflow from either one or both kidneys, which is usually a cause of ureter obstruction kidney stones, etc. The patient will feel back pressure or pain.
Severe pain is caused by kidney stones. However, it could take a long time for that pain to show up or there may be no pain at all depending on the location and size of the stone. If small stones are n the kidney there not be any pain and be passed in urine without even noticing it. Symptoms may not appear until the stones moved down into the ureters. When this happens, the stones can block the flow of urine out of the kidneys. Other symptoms can include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, blood in the urine or abnormal/dark urine color.
One double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial by Vicentini and colleagues compared adjuvant nifedipine, tamsulosin, or placebo after lithotripsy. They found that overall stone expulsion rates were 48.6% for nifedipine, 60.5% for tamsulosin, and 36.8% for placebo. Nifedipine and tamsulosin were more effective on larger stones (10-20 mm) compared to placebo. The pass rate for 10-20 mm stones was 60% for nifedipine, 61.9% for tamsulosin, and 26.15% for placebo. The
For the most part, pain is not associated with kidney involvement, although some people may notice dark urine and swelling around their eyes, legs, ankles, or fingers. Most often, the only evident sign of kidney disease is an abnormal blood or urine test. The kidneys are a vital organ in our overall health, which is why lupus affecting the kidneys generally requires heavy drug treatment to prevent permanent or fatal damage (Mayo Clinic, 2012).
Both cystoscopy and ureteroscopy usually take less than half an hour, unless a treatment procedure is included. Ureteroscopy is done under sedation and general anesthesia. Cystoscopy may be done under sedation, while general anesthesia is required for cystoscopy with biopsy, and cystoscopy used to inject filler or medications into the bladder wall.
upper ureter may be unable to be passed spontaneously. Lithotripsy, sometimes called extracorporeal Shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) uses ultrasound to deliver energy to break up the large stone into smaller stones and debris that then can be passed or captured by ureteroscopy. Patients with a large stone that fills the whole kidney (staghoni calculi) may require removal using a special instrument inserted through an incision in the skin directly into the kidney (percutaneous nephro lithotomy).