Kidney Stones Research Paper

Decent Essays

(i) What are the symptoms of this disease?
(Symptoms are signs that show a disease, eg spots, fever, coughing, etc)
Some symptoms caused by Kidney stones include Severe pain in the side and back and below the rib, nausea and vomiting and effects on the Urine.
Pain: One of the symptoms of kidney stones is pain. The pain from kidney stones is caused when the stone tries to push it way through the muscles in the wall of the ureter and into the bladder. The pain is usually felt throughout the sides off the affected Kidney and reaches it way into the back after a short period of time. The pain is also felt in the lower abdomen and the groin area. The pain changes dramatically, from server to minor throughout a period of time. The pain comes …show more content…

However if the stone inside the kidney don't pass after a long period of time or if it has grown and blocked the flow of urine, then endoscopic surgery is required. Endoscopic surgery requires an endoscope, which is a thin, long, flexible tube with a camera and a light attached to it. The camera is used to help the surgeon find the rock inside the urinary tract. Endoscopic surgeries that are used to remove stones from the kidney are called Cystoscopic and Ureteroscopic endoscopic surgeries. Cystoscope is a long, thin scope with an eyepiece attached on one of the ends and a lens to the other to help view in the bladder. Cystoscope are usually used to remove stones in the bladder and urethra but usually are not used to remove a stone from the ureter as the Cystoscope is not long enough to reach it. Ureteroscope is longer then an Cystoscope and can be used for surgeries beyond the bladder into the ureters. Once the Ureteroscope is inserted through the urethra,into the bladder and up through the ureter, the surgeon removes the stone with a tiny basket attached to a thin wire, which is attached to the Ureteroscope. The surgeon can also use laser lithotripsy, which is a technology, that has a laser in it. The strong light from the laser helps fragment the stones, the stones then can easily pass through …show more content…

(Does the doctor use it on the patient at the start of the disease or as a last resort when other treatments such as…… are not effective? )
The technology is used only if the stone is big or if the stone is blocking the flow of urine. The doctor will tell the patient to book for an appointment, so a Endoscopic surgery can be performed, to take out the stone.

(iii)Describe the advantages and disadvantages of using this technology.
There are a lot of Advantages with the use of Endoscopy. Endoscopy is a great technology because the surgery can be done without any incision by using the urethral orifice as the entry point. The surgery can also be done in a day, meaning you probably only need to stay at the hospital for about a day or so. The recovery is also quick, you will be able to go on with your daily activities normally within one to two days.

Even though there are a lot of Advantages, there are also some disadvantages when using Endoscopy. Some disadvantages are there is about 0.5% risk of damaging the

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