The Islamic Empires
In early modern history, there were three major Islamic empires that became prominent. The Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughals. We will descuss the Development of these empires by listing their similarities and differences, and their political, social and cultural backgrounds. Next, we will get into the three empires reign of power and also give a discription of some of the great leaders of these empires and their legacy.
All of these Islamic Empires had Turkish ruling dynasties. The Ottomans, Safavids and Mughals came from nomadic, Turkish-speaking peoples of the central Asia who conquered the settled agricultural lands of Anatolia, Persia …show more content…
Sulayman the Magnificent also expanded the Ottoman territory under his rule dramatically by conquering Baghdad and adding the Tigris and Euphrates valleys to the Ottoman domain.
The Safavid empire was first ruled by Shah Ismail, a 14 year old boy. He gained control of the empire by entering Tabriz at the head of an army and laying claim to the ancient Persian imperial title of the shah. The Safavids traced their ancestry back to Safi al Din, leader of a sufi religious order in northwestern Persia. Shah Ismail also decided for the religion of the Safavid empire to be Twelver Shiism . Twelver Shiism held that there had been twelve infallible imams ( or religious leaders) after Muhammad, beginning with the prophet’s cousin and son-in-law Ali. The belief was that the twelfth or “hidden” iman would one day return to take power and spread his true religion. Safavid propaganda suggested that Shah Ismail was himself the missing imam, or even the reincarnation of Allah. Shah Ismail’s followers believed that he had the power to keep them safe in battle. In the Battle of Chaldiran, Ismail’s forces attacked heavily the lines of the Ottoman empire and suffered devastating casualties. Shah Abbas the Great fully revived the Safavid Empire by moving the capital to a more centralized location and he encouraged trade with other lands. He also reformed the administrative and military institutions of the empire. Shah Abbas led the Safavids to numerous
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The Ottoman Empire was an imperial state which was created in 1299 after growing out of the breakdown of several Turkish tribes. The empire then grew to add in numerous places in what's currently present-day Europe to and yes it ultimately became one of probably the largest, longest-lasting and powerful most empires in the story of the globe. During the peak of its, the Ottoman Empire included the aspects of Parts, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Hungary, Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Egypt, and Turkey of the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. The Ottoman Empire was an imperial state which was created in 1299 after growing out of the breakdown of several Turkish tribes. The empire then grew to add in numerous places in what's currently present-day Europe to and yes it ultimately became one of probably the largest, longest-lasting and powerful most empires in the story of the
The Ottoman and Mughal empires were two of the greatest and most successful empires to ever form in history. However, they both had some similarities as well as differences. Both empires went through tough periods of time, but at some point they also went through times of growth and prosperity. Although the Ottoman and Mughal Empire both did not force conversions into Islam, the Ottoman’s development relied on their tough military force, while the decline of the Mughal Empire was caused by Aurangzeb’s policy of religious persecution and high taxes.
On the Political side, the Ottoman Turks were the best at keeping up control for a more extended time. It could get by to the point that advanced circumstances. The two different realms crumbled by the seventeenth century. The pioneer of the Ottoman Turks was known as the Sultan which was like a ruler. Islamic Law was connected to all Muslims. With respect to Safavid realm politically, the Shahs strolled around the boulevards in mask keeping in mind the end goal to discover the genuineness of the nationals. The high positions were given by justifying and regularly were nonnatives. In the Mughal Empire politically, Even,
In this essay I will talk to you about different things such as,what the Islamic people did and how they became more successful and expanded their empire. Now that, that's said I hope you enjoy and stay open-minded about my ideas.
Religious diversity was allowed in different degrees among the Islamic Empires. Sunni Muslims ruled the Ottoman Empire, but there was a common acceptance of other religions. Mughal rule seemed the most accepting of other religions, as it enforced the Policy of Religious toleration under Akbar the Great. Seemingly least accepting of religious diversity was the Safavid Empire with its loss of religious freedom towards its decline. Religious diversity was accepted in degrees among the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires with certain restrictions like Jitza and Devshirme in, but also approbations like the Policy of Religious Toleration in the Mughal Empire also known as the most religiously accepting empire.
The Safavid Empire was based in what is today Iran. This Islamic Empire was strong enough to challenge the Ottomans in the west and the Mughals in the east.
The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughals were all gunpowder empires. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the differences between all of these empires mentioned. Each fall into five different categories.
However, with the Ottomans use of gun-powdered weapons and Janissaries, the Safavids were ultimately defeated with the temporary loss of their capital. This was mainly due to the lack of technology and resources, which destroy it. In the late sixteenth century Shah Abbas the Great, restored the Safavid empire, moved the capital to Isfahan, encouraged trade with other lands and reformed the administrative and military institutions of the empire. He brought most of northwestern Iran, the Caucasus, and Mesopotamia under Safavid rule. (Bentley, Streets, & Ziegler, 2008, pg. 461).
Similarity, the Ottoman and Safavid empires had one highly recognized and strong leader each, where they both ruled a Monarch. For the Ottomans, the strongest leader was Suleiman, who came to power around 1520 and ended his reign in 1566. On the other side, for the Safavids, the greatest leader was Abbas I, who came to the throne in the year 1588 at the young but determining age of sixteen. During Suleiman’s power in the Ottoman Empire, he created a Uniform System of Law and welcomed variety forms of art and literature (History.com). Suleiman, also nicknamed Suleiman the Magnificent, also advocated for
In Islamic history, Suleiman is considered the perfect Islamic ruler in history. Suleiman, named after Solomon, is referred to in Islamic history as the second Solomon. The reign of Suleiman in Ottoman and Islamic history is considered the period of
When thinking of the world powers of today, like the United States and China, it is easy to forget that they haven’t always been on top. One has to take a step back and look into earlier years to find out when and how a certain “empire” came into play as a world power. The when is more easily found than the how though, as it is hard to pinpoint a single action or decision that put that empire above the rest. For this reason it is more logical to look at the rise from multiple different perspectives. Following the 14th century decline of the Mongol empire, three exceptionally powerful Islamic states rose to success and took over as world leaders, the Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughal Empire. This paper will discuss what political factors of the Ottoman Empire,
These three greatest empire resulted in a powerful cultural interaction. The empires expanded their power and thus Turkish, Mongol and Arab ways of life blended. It resulted in a flowering of Islamic culture that raised higher in the 16th centuries. The empires ruled through Islamic Sariah’s. They based the authority on Islam. Their basement of power were strong armies, advanced technology and legal administrative officers.
Ottoman Empire undoubtedly was one of the remarkable empires in the world.Most of its reign, Ottoman Empire was the homeland for many ethnicities and religious groups.Although the fact that Mongol Empire was way bigger and stronger than Ottomans, Ottomans were more successful at managing their people on the land.The question must be asked: How do they achieve it during many centuries, what was their way?
The Abbasids maintained the hereditary control of the caliphate, forming a new dynasty. The alliance with the Shiites was short lived, and the Abbasids became champions of Sunni orthodoxy, upholding the authority of their family over that of Ali, and continuing the subjugation of the Shiites. Even Abu Muslim, the popular leader who more than any other single individual was the architect of the Abbasid victory, was put to death by the second Abbasid Caliph, Al- Mansur. However, the Abbasids did prove loyal to their Persian mawali allies. In fact, Abbasid culture would come to be dominated by the legacy of Persian civilization. The Abbasid court was heavily influenced by Persian customs, and members of the powerful Persian Barmakid family acted as the advisers of the caliphs and rivaled them in wealth and power.