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Management Theory And Elton Mayo's Human Relations Theory

Satisfactory Essays
(1.1) Task (1) What is management theory?
Management theory is a set of ideas for helping supervisors or managers in knowing the goals of an organization and also to find a possibly effective and efficient work plan to achieve the goals of the organization. It also understands what motivates people to work while achieving the goals of the organization
Management expert Mary Parker Follett defined management as '...the art of getting things done through people.'
Another definition of management is shown in the following quote:
"...process of planning, organizing, leading and controlling the work of organization members and of using all available organization resources to reach specific organization goals." (Source: Stoner, Yetton, Craig, Johnston.
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Until that time, there was only talk of Scientific Management, which mainly focused on productivity, efficient division of labor and workers as an extension of machinery. After that workers were seen in a different light, this change was called the Human Relation Theory. In this theory workers were seen as thinking beings with needs, who liked to receive attention. Companies realized that attention motivated employees and even allowed them to get more out of themselves for the benefit of the organization. Elton Mayo is considered the founder of the Human Relations Theory. Prior to this trend, Elton Mayo already started an experiment in the Hawthorne plants in 1924
5) System Theory:
System theory is the trans disciplinary study of the abstract organization of phenomena, independent of their substance, type, or spatial or temporal scale of existence. It investigates both the principles common to all complex entities, and the models which can be used to describe them. Systems theory was proposed in the 1940's by the biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy
6) X & Y Theory:
Theory X and Theory Y were first explained by McGregor in his book, 'The Human Side of Enterprise,' and they refer to two styles of
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