Margaret Newman's Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness

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Margaret Newman: Health as expanding consciousness Nursing theorist Margaret Newman's theory of health as expanding consciousness is based upon the idea that human beings are in continual interaction with their environments. Her theory was directly inspired by Rogers' theory of unitary human beings. Newman adapted Rogers' theory to her concerns for patients for whom achieving a perfect state of health was not possible (Health as expanding consciousness, 2011, Nursing Theory). Newman's philosophy suggests that all experiences on the continuum of health and disease can be instructive for the individual in terms of expanding his or her consciousness (Health as expanding consciousness, 2011, Nursing Theory). The nurse also attains a higher level of consciousness through his or her interactions with the patient, regardless of the patient's relative state of wellness or disease. "The theory asserts that every person in every situation, no matter how disordered and hopeless it may seem, is part of the universal process of expanding consciousness a process of becoming more of oneself, of finding greater meaning in life, and of reaching new dimensions of connectedness with other people and the world" (Newman, 2010, cited by Health as expanding consciousness, 2011, Nursing Theory). Central to Newman's conception is the idea that the person changes his or her environment and the environment is changed by the person's influence. "Consciousness is defined as the informational

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