Essay on Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

1486 Words Aug 24th, 2007 6 Pages
The Study of Maslow Hierarchy of Needs
This essay study is about Maslow's school of thought. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is often depicted as a pyramid consisting of five levels. I liked the way he differed from traditional psychologists. For example, he studied happy, high performing people to learn more about what they had in common. Maslow's main contributions to psychology were the founding of the Journal of Humanistic Psychology in 1961. There were many occurrences during his lifetime that may have influenced his perspectives. Motivation is the key to performance improvement; Maslow demonstrated this in his theories of positive reinforcement, effective discipline and punishments, treating people fairly and satisfying employee's
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Maslow posited a hierarchy of human needs based on two groups: deficiency needs and growth needs.
Within the deficiency needs, Maslow, directed his attention on each lower need that must be met before moving to the next higher need level. Once each of these needs has been satisfied, Maslow would classify each at some future time a deficiency is detected, and how an individual would act to remove the deficiency. According to Maslow, an individual is ready to act upon the growth needs if and only if the deficiency needs are met, and determinations are made.
(Huitt, 2004)
In 1962, Abraham Maslow published a book called, "Toward a Psychology of Being", in which he described humanistic psychology as the "third force" in psychology. The first and second forces were behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Some of occurrences in Maslow life that help to influence his views and perspectives come form his early childhood experiences. Maslow felt handicapped by the lack of nurturing from his parents. Maslow mother was the type of person that's called most people schizophrenogenic in the literature form. Maslow also stated that his mother was a person that could drive anyone crazy, as Maslow descripts his mother personality. Maslow was awfully curious to find out why he didn't go insane…