Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

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BIT 211 MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS CLASS EXERCISE DUE DATE: 17/2/2015 STUDENT ID: 140079 ------------------------------------------------- NAME: COSMAS KANCHEPA QUESTIONS 1. Define and Explain Scheins classification of Motivational Assumptions. 2. What are Maslow's hierarchy of needs and why is it important in the study of motivation. 3. What are the characteristics of Theory X and Theory Y people? ANSWERS Question1 I. The rational-economic model is the mental picture held by managers who consider workers to be primarily motivated by economic incentives as manipulated by the organization. The worker is essentially passive, lazy, and unwilling to take responsibility, and must therefore be controlled by the manager. This is the…show more content…
* Safety, need of security, protection and stability in the physical and interpersonal events of day to day. * Physiological, most basic of all human needs, need for biological maintenance, need for food and water and sustenance. Question3 Essentially Theory X and Theory Y describe two opposing views of people at work that will influence management style. Managers can be said to follow either view of their workforce. Theory X is often said to describe a traditional view of direction and control. Theory Y implies a more self-directed workforce that takes an interest in the goals of their organization and integrates some of their own goals into these. Theory X assumes that: - * The average person dislikes work and will avoid it unless directly supervised. * Employees must be coerced, controlled and directed to ensure that organizational objectives are met. * The threat of punishment must exist within an organization. * In fact people prefer to be managed in this way so that they avoid responsibility. * Theory X assumes that people are relatively unambitious and their prime driving force is the desire for security. Theory Y effectively takes the opposite view. It assumes that: - * Employees are ambitious, keen to accept greater responsibility and exercise both self-control and direction. * Employees will, in the right conditions, work toward organizational objectives and that commitment will

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