Percent Of Water In A Hydrate

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The percent of water can be determined in a hydrate by first determining the mass of the hydrate Copper (II) Sulfate penta-hydrate. The substance will be a deep blue color when it is a hydrate. By heating the substance, water is evaporated, removing the water from the hydrate, making it anyhydrous through a simple decomposition reaction. Evaporation is completed when the substance turns from a blue to a white/ grey color. The mass of the water in a hydrate is determined by subtracting the mass of the hydrate from the mass of the anhydrate. The mass of the water is then divided by the mass of the hydrate, and multiplied by one hundred, resulting in the percent of water in the hydrate, which is 36.35%. The percent error is determined by subtracting

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