Positivism And Paradigmatic Approaches

Decent Essays

The practice of qualitative research comprises of many different paradigmatic approaches. The main three include positivism, interpretive, and critical approaches. These approaches serve as different ways in which knowledge is socially collected and analyzed. Now, each paradigmatic approach comprises of unique traits, some which are similar to each one another and others that are exclusive to a specific approach. These similarities and differences will be examined below. To begin, the main approach used in qualitative research is positivism. The Positivism Approach is rooted in philosophy and used to pursue casual explanations by generating questions as hypotheses, otherwise known as theory testing. Positivism uses the idea that there …show more content…

In examining these relationships, Symbolic Interactionalism attaches meanings and attitudes to certain people and objects. Another sub-approach branching from the Interpretive Strand is the theory of Dramaturgy. Dramaturgy figuratively compares the behavior of the individual or “self” to that of a theatrical play. This concept emphasizes the presence of a front stage (public stage) and backstage (private stage). Depending on the stage, the individual undergoes an impression management which produces a distinctive performance. This impression management is a continuous individual phenomenon. In essence, Dramaturgy is used to analyze how individual behaviors change in relation to different surroundings. A third sub- approach of the interpretive approach is Phenomenology. Phenomenology focuses on the human consciousness and how it is experienced. Rather than its presence being objective in nature, (as seen by positivist), phenomenologists argue that the human consciousness is dependent on specific circumstances and is deliberate. The main goal of phenomenology is to examine how individuals experience aspects of social life and living it also stresses the fact these experiences are different for each individual. The last sub-approach belonging to the Interpretative Strand is Ethnomethodology. Similar to Phenomenology, Ethnomethodology studies how individuals process their

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