Prospects of Mushroom Farming at Savar Upazila in Dhaka

5745 Words Dec 27th, 2012 23 Pages
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A term paper submitted in fulfillment of the requirements in the course of Bangladesh Studies Submitted by Mir Arman, 0822BBA00938 Md. Rakebul Hasan, 0822BBA00904 Mostafizar Rahman, 0822BBA00946 Md. Ashikur Rahman, 0822BBA00950

Course code: GED 202 Course Title: Bangladesh Studies Summer Semester, 2009

Under the Supervision Of Md. Abu Hassan Faruk Lecturer in Bangladesh Studies

Department of Business Administration Manarat International University, Dhaka Date: 28 July 2009


Abstract Mushroom soft delicate white fruit body of fleshy fungi, of the family Agaricaceae. The real plant is the microscopic fine thread-like body called mycelium, grows on the substratum or
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After planting, harvest is done in 10-15 days. It is cultivated throughout the year but the oyster mushroom is cultivated in winter season. For cultivation of pure mushroom, spawn or seed (spore) is essential. The temperature required for good growth is 20°-25°C at the beginning and 10°-18°C at the fruiting stage. Harvesting is done at the early stage of fruiting just before the spreading of umbrella-like fruit body. From a single cultivation bed continuous harvesting is done up to two weeks. The bed can be recycled to some extent. The fruit body is taken fresh or dried for long preservation. The paddy straw mushroom is summer type (Volvariella diplasia, V. volvacea and V. esculanta). The requirements for the culture bed are more or less similar to that of oyster mushroom but the temperature needs to be 35°-40° C. At present the production cost is about Tk 50-60 and the market value is about Tk 150-200 per kg. The oyster mushroom is common and favorite in Bangladesh. In Savar upazila we have made a research study on Mushroom farming. 1.2 Growing Mushrooms Mushroom production is completely different from growing green plants. Mushrooms do not contain chlorophyll and therefore depend on other plant material (the "substrate") for their food. The part of the organism that we see

and call a mushroom is really just the fruiting body. Unseen is the mycelium —tiny threads that grow throughout the substrate and collect nutrients by breaking down the organic material. This

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