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Research Paper On American Modernism

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What was “new” about the New York School?

In this essay I will discuss the texts American Modernism: Graphic Design and Meggs History of Graphic Design
American Modernism:Graphic Design 1920 - 1960 was written by Roger R. Remington Professor of Design at Rochester Institute of Technology. In his book he discusses the American art Modernist movement during the period between World War I and World War II. He discuss how the movement was inspired by historical event but also analyses the elements of Modernism as an art form. Most importantly how these elements reflect common philosophies of the time. Art is used “to illuminate, to simplify, to clarify, to modify, to dignify, to dramatize, to persuade and perhaps
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Long gone was the Victorian principles or as the saying goes “out with the old and in with the new”. The first means of arts to be touched by the Industrial Revolution was architecture. Crystal Palace in London for example was created using strong glass but at a fraction of the cost. It was seen as Industrial Revolution symbol until 1889. That was until the Eiffel Tower was unveiled leaving America and Europe in shock. The architecture of the Eiffel Tower marked the end of the Victorian era as well as being the the symbol for welcoming Modernism. By the early 1900’s Modernism was also being implemented into typography, though in baby steps. That was until World War I became the reason for the Modernist movement to flourish. Understanding the Modern Art principles help with understanding how the Modernism movement was accepted so easily. The Modernism movement inspiration is embodied in the words of Hans Hoffman “the ability to simplify means to eliminate the unnecessary so that the necessary may speak.” After the war, when cities were ruined, instead of creating ornamental style buildings it was easier to create practical and simple buildings that could be built quickly. The late 1910’s we can see a change in typography, fonts became bigger, bolder more simple, making it
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