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Self Care Deficit Theory: Dorothea Orem Self-Care Deficit Theory

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Dorothea Orem self-care deficit theory
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Introduction
According to the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga School of Nursing & Students (2016), Dorothea Orem self-care deficit theory was created due to Dorothea E. Orem objective of enhancing the quality of nursing in hospitals where she resided. In the year 1949, Dorothea visited the Indiana State Board of Hospital where she participated in upgrading the hospitals in the area. In the year 1958 to the year 1959, she worked with a project aimed at enhancing the practical training of nurses. As a result, she decided to determine the conditions under which decisions for nursing care are made. She developed the “another self” idea which became “self-care” and later Self Care Deficit Nursing Theory where self-care implies that people are able to take care of themselves when they
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A person/patient remains the primary focus of nursing care and a patient’s health is dictated by his/her environment. Subsequently, a healthy individual can conduct self-care while the unhealthy person remains incapable of self-care necessitating nursing care to help the patient. It is vital for the nurses to evaluate the capabilities of a person’s self-care as well as the environment associated with the person to fight the limitations of health.
Moreover, Orem’s theory is useful because it evaluates how individuals gain a healthy state via self-care as well as the assistance of the nurses as discussed by (Wayne). It provides a foundation for nursing practice, species when nursing is required, advocates good health and health sustenance. Additionally, it remains applicable in various areas of lifespan and can be used in daily practice settings. Also, Orem’s theory is used to direct interventions to improve outcomes
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