Self-Care of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus

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This chapter presents an overview of relevant theoretical research material on self-care activities of the patients with newly diagnosed type-2 diabetes mellitus. The related literature is presented under the following sub headings.
Section A:Literature related to various aspects of type-2 diabetes mellitus.
Section B:Literature related to self-management skills of patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus.
Section C: Reviews related to effectiveness of diabetes education on newly diagnosed patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus.
SECTION A: LITERATURE RELATED TO TYPE-2 DIABETES MELLITUS Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body does not produce or properly respond to insulin, a hormone required to convert carbohydrates into energy for daily life. According to the American Diabetes Association, 23.6 million children and adults, approximately 7.8% of the population in the United States, have diabetes .The cost of diabetes in 2007 was estimated to be $174 billion. The micro- and macro-vascular complications of diabetes are the most common causes of renal failure, blindness and amputations leading to significant mortality, morbidity and poor quality of life. (JungukHur, 2010) There are two different types of diabetes mellitus. In type 1 diabetes mellitus, the problem is that the pancreas (an organ in the abdomen) does not make enough insulin. In type- 2 diabetes mellitus, the pancreas does not make enough insulin; the body becomes resistant to normal or even high…