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Sepsis: An Infectious Disease

Decent Essays
INTRODUCTION TO SEPSIS:-
Sepsis is generally considered as a life threatening condition in which the body is fighting a severe infection that has spread via the bloodstream i.e. the body show severe response to bacteria/other germs. This response may be called as (SIRS).This means that Sepsis develop when the chemicals the immune system releases into the bloodstream to fight an infection which usually cause inflammation in the whole body. This inflammation may result in organ damage. Blood clotting during sepsis reduces blood flow to internal organs, depriving them of nutrients and oxygen. In worst cases, infection leads to life threatening drop in blood pressure. This is called SEPTIC SHOCK, which quickly lead to the failure of several important
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Sepsis is a disease which is been known by different names since it’s discovery.
The word of sepsis was firstly introduced by Hippocrates and Galen, but Ignaz was the first researcher who developed modern view of sepsis by examining death of women during childbirth, whereas after that Louis Pasteur discovered PUTREFACTION (tiny organisms) that may cause this disease.

But Lennhartz initiated the change in understanding sepsis from concept of old and ancient putrefaction to modern view of bacterial disease.
In 1967 Asbough and colleagues observed a severe lung disease which developed in ICU patients suffering with severe shortness of breath, loss of lung by bacterial microorganisms this also serves as a major contribution in the field of sepsis.
Many scientists published their research work after these findings
But comparatively if we relate it to modern findings we find that, recent studies have shown that sepsis is a widely prevalent syndrome, but have led to better understanding of pathogenic mechanisms and development of newly applied therapies, these therapies focus at early and aggressive management of severe sepsis/ septic
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Although anybody can become septic, precise clusters of people that are at larger risk. They include:-
1)People whose immune arrangements are not working well due to illness (such as Diabetes or AIDS) or because of health treatments that weaken the immune arrangement ( such as chemotherapy for cancer or steroids for a number of health conditions) are extra prone to develop sepsis .Even a healthy person can come to be septic. 2) Very youthful babies – because their immune arrangements are not completely developed.
3) Aging individuals – (especially
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