Soc 727-the Theory of Demographic Transition and Its Applicability to Developing Countries

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THE THEORY OF DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION AND ITS APPLICABILITY TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (Part One) A PAPER COMPILED BY S. AKINMAYỌWA LAWAL MATRIC NO: 106584 Department of Sociology University Of Ibadan Ibadan, Nigeria. SUBMITTED TO PROFESSOR UCHE C. ISIUGO-ABANIHE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN SOC 727: DEMOGRAPHIC ASPECTS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT THURSDAY, 8 MAY, 2008. Abstract Human population over the past decades, have doubled, tripled and grown rapidly, thereby affecting every aspect of man’s existence. The paper examines the Demographic Transition Theory which is used to explain the population movement or process of transition from high birth rates[->0] and high death rates[->1] to low…show more content…
The theory has explained human population evolution relatively well in Europe and other highly developed countries. Many developing countries have moved into stage 3. The major exceptions are poor countries, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa (Nigeria, Benin, Mali, Niger amongst others) and some Middle Eastern[->9] countries, which are poor or affected by government policy or civil strife, notably Pakistan[->10], Palestinian Territories[->11], Yemen[->12] and Afghanistan[->13]. [->14] Diagram which includes stage five Origins of Demographic Transition Theory The idea of DTT was first advanced by Warren Thompson[->15] in 1929. He divided the world into three major groups: · Countries with rapidly declining birth and death rates, with fertility declining more rapidly than mortality, resulting in a declining growth rate (Northern[->16] and Western Europe[->17], North America[->18] and Australasia[->19]) · Countries with declining birth and death rates in certain socio-economic strata, with the rate of decline of the death rate higher than the decline in the birth rate (Central and Southern Europe) · Countries with high birth rates but declining death rates (rest of the world) Frank W. Notestein[->20] developed this theory in 1945 and suggested that there was a relationship between population change and industrial development. He suggested that with time, countries go through a linear evolution from traditional,

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