Stress Among Students Essay

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Stress Associated to Poor Eating Behaviors Based on Living Situations in University Students The “Freshmen Fifteen” is a slang term used among youth to refer to an approximation of 10 to 15 pounds that a first-year university student is predicted to gain. There is an association between the first-year experience in university and weight gain. One study concluded that first-year students gain 5.5 more than the general population (Mihalopoulos, Auinger, & Klein, 2008). It is critical to study late adolescent eating behaviors because it has been found that weight problems in this vulnerable age is a strong predictor to adulthood obesity. Clinical obesity can result in many physiological problems such as heart disease and Type 2 diabetes.…show more content…
Moreover, they need to integrate themselves in a much bigger community compared to a high school, and they start to have a larger course load. Overall, they experience a great transitional period that makes them very vulnerable to weight gain. In a study conducted by O’Connor, Jones, Conner, McMillan, Ferguson (2008) it was found that there was a positive correlation between the number of daily stressful events and the consumption of snacks that are high in fat and sugar. Moreover, a meta-analysis of 24 studies found an average of 3.86 lbs of weight gain among first-year students; with a potential contributor of psychological stress. High levels of reported perceived tress and living on campus was a predictor of weight gain (Vella-Zarb & Elgar, 2009). Therefore, stress and a student’s living situation has been found to increase consumption of unhealthy foods. Research has supported that most students experience stress which is associated with poor eating behaviors. Stress can predict unhealthy eating behaviors but it is also dependent on a student’s living situation. Humans are highly influenced by the people and the environment around them. The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) explains this concept where there is a reciprocity between an individual’s cognition, environment, and behavior (Bandura, 2001).
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