The country of Djibouti is a small country of 8,958 square miles and about 740,000 people. It is located in the north eastern part of Africa between Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The people of the country came across the red sea from the middle east; it is predicted they came over in about 3 B.C. They were introduced to the religion of Islam almost 1,000 years later; becoming the first country in Africa to adopt Islam. In 1884 the French made Djibouti a French colony. After years of conflict and dealing with bordering country invaders it gained independence and became a Republic with a one party rule in 1981. Because it is a republic, like the United Staes, they have a three branch system of government. The economy is stable, however the poverty rate is very high at 42%.
The Djiboutian culture is very unique in the sense that no country has the same history and unique mix of diversity that intermixes so well. Because of the long amounts of time the French and Arabs occupied the land the culture is primary reflected through these influences. Somalian and Ethiopians make up a large portion of the population in todays society. A large part of the country speaks Somali and Afar, even tough the official languages are Arabic and French. The variety of language is important because most people make a living in port yards. Because the country is so close to the equator the land is mostly desert with constant dry heat and is not able to be farmed