The Current American Education System

1350 WordsApr 11, 20176 Pages
The current American education system has its flaws. Public schools struggle, private schools charge exorbitant prices, and the status quo dictates that a college degree acts a golden ticket to success in today’s workplace. This ideal contrasts from history’s viewpoint. During previous centuries, only upper-class men received education, as classrooms barred their doors to women and the poor. Renaissance men, who dabbled in numerous arts and sciences, gained their fame and glory more from the monetary power backing them than their intellectual prowess and knowledge. Straying from the past, elementary education is now a fundamental right, available to those with and without money, and a large— but not complete— population continues their…show more content…
Twenty years after Ancient Greece sentenced Socrates to death for his philosophical nature, his student Plato wrote a book of arguments, in hopes of returning philosophy to the forefront of Athens’ social and educational sphere and as a scathing reminder for those who forced Socrates to drink hemlock that the early philosopher influenced countless others before his death. Throughout his book, Republic, Plato casts himself as his deceased mentor, Socrates, on a search for the definition of justice. In order to discover the all-encompassing meaning of the essential concept, the philosopher— both the author and the persona he adopts as the protagonist— creates an extended analogy, comparing a person to a city. Within a city, three groups divide all citizens: producers, guardians, and rulers. Strict expectations separate each level from the other, as rulers preside over the two lower classes, guardians protect all of the citizens, and producers act as the city’s carpenters and other craftsmen. A producer cannot jump a level to become a guardian; the city allows no social mobility. After much discussion, Socrates defines justice as, “doing one’s own work and not meddling with what isn’t one’s own” (Plato, The Republic IV 433b) and that, “Meddling and exchange between these three classes… is the greatest harm
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