The Differences Between Leaders And Managers

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There are many definitions of leadership from different scholars who tried to define the idea of leadership (Stogdill, 1974, p.259). Therefore, Yukl (2013, p.7) defines ‘Leadership is the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives’. Moreover, Yukl (2013) believes the definition can be prepared to meet the future challenges, which means leader should have visions and be able to lead the organisation to that direction, and the effort can influence and support the current organisation. For the definition of management, ‘Management is the attainment of organization goals in an effective and…show more content…
However, there are many challenges for being sustainable company, such as competition, minimum wages. Therefore, leadership and management are both necessary in sustainable business. On leader’s traits, scholars assert leaders’ personal characteristics can affect the success of organisation. Lord, De Vader, Alliger (1986) and Mann (1959) both consider the characteristic of leader should include intelligence, extrovert, dominance, masculinity, conservatism and adjustability. Moreover, Kirkpatrick and Locke (1991) and Zaccaro, Kemp and Bader (2004) both consider leader should also have motivation and cognitive ability in their characteristics. Mintzberg (2014) indicates that every company have the problem of quantity of leadership, and he suggest company should have enough leadership, not too much and too less. Mintzberg (1973) also believes leadership is one of the 10 managerial roles and believes that ‘leadership is a function of management’, which can motivate staff and create good conditions for works. Mintzberg states the leader role includes all managerial tasks, such as directing, promoting and criticizing. And the managers should be responsible to provide instructions and favorable conditions to subordinates for doing work and advance subordinates’ motivation in work place. Rost (1991) also asserts that manager may be leader if managers and followers have
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