Research has provided many strategies for effective classroom instruction and lesson organization. Throughout my lesson, I used direct/ explicit instruction model that I have learned from different education courses and readings to serve as a model for my instruction. Rosenshine
Teaching theories are as much part of the classroom as the student and the teacher. The effect individual theories have on an environment depends how they are incorporated within the classroom in addition to the influence they have had on the curriculum construction. This essay will briefly look at how motivation theory, cognitive and social cognitive theory along with constructivism have impacted on education and the classroom.
During my time observing, most of the classes I observed focused heavily on direct instruction. I suppose this is due to that fact that there is a lot of material to cover in a short amount of time, therefore the teacher starts with direct instruction and then moves on to other instructional approaches.
The Cognitively Guided Instruction professional development I attended several years ago has had the greatest impact on my growth as a teacher and the way learning takes place in my classroom. Speaking frankly, I was the most uncomfortable I’ve ever been going through this training. During our training, I squirmed in my seat, I avoided eye contact with our instruction and silently prayed she wouldn’t call on me to speak, behaviors I see often in my own first graders. I now know I was uncomfortable because I was growing. CGI was teaching me to let my children build from within. I had to let go of my teaching ego and empower my students to use their intuitive knowledge of math to lead our discussions, lessons and strategies.
Direct instructions (DI) are instructional approaches that breaks down complex concepts into small learning steps. These learning steps are taught in sequence. Students are provided with ample time to practice each learning step. In addition, students master one step before moving to the next. DI also involves the teacher providing students with explicit explanations and demonstrations. The teacher uses less formal language throughout the learning process. Students’ mastery is frequently monitored. If students are not mastering the learning step, the teacher revises his/her instructional strategies. Let’s say I’m teaching younger students letter recognition, I would start off with introducing students to the alphabets. I would provide students
Evidence-based instruction includes reliable and valuable data obtained from your classroom. When you apply basil tests, unit tests, exit slips, and acuity assessments you need to collect the data from your classroom to organize your classroom groups. You should also use this data to decide who needs AIS or tiered interventions for certain areas. Instructional practices include the previously mentioned assessments. Pretests for all units of instruction can also help you understand what your students already know and who is weak in certain areas. For example, a unit on main idea and details using passages can be difficult for some students. Running records will help to determine what reading level your students are on. From this
Everyday, teachers are faced with the challenge of teaching students new information that is valuable to their future. Teachers are responsible to determine what and how information is taught. How this information is taught to students is pertinent to their success; therefore, teachers must be able to use effective teaching methods in the classroom. Students have diverse learning styles; therefore, teachers need to determine how students learn best and pattern their teaching to accommodate these differences. During elementary school, children learn to read and write, acquire a basic understanding of content areas, and develop dispositions toward
Distance learning (education) has become an integral part of the education process over the past few decades and is growing in popularity as technology advances.(Willis 1992) describes distance education (as) "the organizational framework andprocess of providing instruction at a distance. Distance education takes place when ateacher and student(s) are physically separated, and technology…(is) used to bridge theinstruction gap." (Coutts 1996). Furthermore, "distance learning activities are designedto fit the specific context for learning, the nature of the subject matter; intended learningoutcomes, needs and goals of the learner, the learner's environment and the instructional echnologies and methods." (American
Approaching instruction with clear instructional goals, or to borrow a phrase popularized by Stephen Covey, beginning with the end in mind, not only makes intuitive sense but is well supported by research. In his 35 years of meta-analysis on research in education, Robert Marzano (2003) identifies a guaranteed and viable curriculum as one of 11 factors with a proven track record of increasing student achievement. Marzano (2003) defines a guaranteed and viable curriculum as one in which
Online education, also called long distant learning, can be defined as a new method of learning through a computer network. This modern way of teaching gives students an opportunity to take classes online. Bill Gates
Distance learning does not provide the advantage of building a strong academic or interpersonal relationship with your Instructor. It also does not allow you to express your individuality in the classroom. Distance learning is more of a multimedia-type learning than anything else. This is because distance learning is accomplished via the Internet. Receiving instruction via the Internet is analogous to receiving instruction to, say, a CD ROM.
Explicit instruction is important in connecting to prior knowledge and skills when beginning a learning sequence (Australian Curriculum and Reporting Authority, 2016). It helps to lay the foundational areas of reading and literacy as a whole in the early years of schooling. Effective reading instruction builds on what children already know, how students learn and on what degree of support they need to become successful in reading/learn and apply new information (Archer, 2011, p.18). Here the idea of scaffolding is evident where “the support provided by the teacher (or another student)…bridge(s) the gap between their current abilities and the intended goal” (Rupley, Blair and Nichols, 2009, p.129). It is important for students who are learning something new, to have the opportunity to have it explained, the opportunity to apply that information guided by their teachers and the opportunity to apply it independently (Archer, 2011). Through an explicit approach the responsibility for learning shifts from teacher to student as they gain confidence and competence with reading. Reading is not an automatic process and must be taught, “explicitly, systematically, early and well” (National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy, 2005, as cited in Hempenstall, 2016,p.5). Building on this, it is not enough for explicit instruction to be effective; it must also be efficient so that students can meet outcomes as soon as possible and are given the opportunity to apply it. This highlights
Distance learning can be traced back at least two centuries, although there has been a momentous change in the way the education has been transmitted to the learner. The earliest form of distance learning noted was through the postal service, which has today evolved to an assortment of instruments accessible via the internet. Online learning has been noted to have its earliest accessible accounts beginning in the 1980 's. Today, they are providing learners with a more impressive, and more effective, educational experience. More and more students and employees are using e-Learning to earn their degrees, build upon their knowledge base, and develop new skills. As such, an increasing number of online courses are now being offered in order to meet the ever-growing demand. Online classes often offer flexibility; students can access course work 24 hours a day. This allows students to complete college coursework while still accommodating work and other responsibilities.
Distant learning could be any format from VHS videos, DVDs, or internet courses online. Online education has been legal since 1993 and is a new way of teaching students of all ages. Online education has been gaining popularity through out the years because of the ease of the internet. The internet has made it easier for
Because of the Internet, new ways of teaching and learning has evolved. The term “distance learning” refer to accessing information with a computer and modem from sources that may be located thousands of miles away. Many colleges and other organizations now includes distance learning courses in their curriculum. Some people even earns their college degrees through distance learning, without ever being on the campus of the university. The distance learning teacher usually post information for students to access and sometimes gives a real-time lecture – in written form, of course. Interactive communication between teacher and students are also possible. A chat room with restricted access works well for this purpose. Special message boards also allows students to post questions. Students uses e-mail to send in their written assignment and also receive comments from the instructor by e-mail. Although some people complains that distance learning lacks the personal touch, others