The Essential Features Of Interviews

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4.2 Interviews
4.2.1 The Essential Features of Interviews

Interviews are an approach to collect data from participants (Denscombe, 2014). Interviews have two types: standardised (structured) and non-standardised (semi-structured and unstructured). Standardised interviews refer to that according to the requirements of a certain position, interviewees should follow fixed principles to response the closed questions in questionnaires. Also, standardised interviewing means an interview that structured elements, such as contents, forms, procedures, standard for evaluation as well as the synthesis and analysis of results, follow the unified standards and requirements to conduct. It therefore is known as quantitative research interviews (Saunders …show more content…

4.2.2 The Procedures of Unstructured Interviews

As for the procedures of unstructured interviews, Moyle (2002) conducted qualitative interviews to discuss the challenges when interviewees have a major depressive illness. It explored the meaning of that seven participants were hospitalized for depression. First, the researcher clarified the research aim and issues. The aim is to explore some challenges when participants who have a major depressive illness conducted unstructured interviews. One of the open-ended questions is ‘Tell me about your experience of childbirth’ (Moyle, 2002, p.267). Second, the researcher identified sample data. ‘Seven participants, six females and one male, aged from 38 to 56 years, were interviewed about their experience of being nurtured while depressed during their stay in a Brisbane, Australia, private psychiatric hospital’ (Moyle, 2002, p.268). Third, the researcher conducted the semi-structured and unstructured interviews. Open-ended questions allow interviewees to develop their own statements. ‘Participants were interviewed weekly while hospitalized’, one time of interviews ranged from 20 to 60 minutes in length. Participants were recorded by audiotape and some response of interviewees were transcribed verbatim. Fourth, the researcher analyzed the results. The researchers firstly used open methods to transcribe response from interviews. Then the conceptual

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