The Ethical Theories Of Philosophy Essay

2014 Words Apr 13th, 2016 9 Pages
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13 April 2016

ETHICAL THEORIES IN PHILOSOPHY Section one: Introduction
"Part of being human is the ability to" distinguish good from bad and vice versa (Rachels 9). Human nature is a ground for practical and moral norms that is; morality directs us to real human fulfilment. Great thinkers have formulated and developed a significant number of enduring moral principles over the centuries. Philosophy, like other social fields and also like individuals, draw on these principles, but this does not always make moral decisions easy. The principles are not entirely consistent, especially in sorting through dilemmas.
The principles may include: The Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill declares that morally right decisions are those that result in ‘happiness for the greatest number. ' Kant 's Duty Defined Morality explains how acts performed out of duty have moral worth. Aristotle 's Virtue Ethics dictates that moderation is the best course. Divine Command theory holds that proper decisions follow God 's will. And lastly, Natural Law id grounded in the notion of an eternal law (in God). According to this paper, the Kant 's Duty Defined Morality is better than the other ethical theories.

Section two: Explanation of Philosophical views
Utilitarianism
It was founded by Jeremy Bentham, later developed by James Mill and perfected by his son John Stuart Mill (Rachels 13). It is called the principle of utility. It is a democratic principle of…
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