The Evolution Of Management Theory

Decent Essays
The evolution of management has been changed many times since the early 1900’s. Many different management theories have been developed, the external factor also changing at the same time, such as the technology and the nature of career. The main theories include classical theory, neoclassical theory, modern systems theory, contingency (or decision) theory, and chaos theory. In the earliest management theories, efficiency was thought to be the most important. However, in today’s workplace; contingency and chaos are the most prominent of management theories (Chon, 2016).
Organizational theory is considered very important in this age of globalization simply because it can maximize efficiency and productivity if applied correctly.
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Classical organization theory evolved after the first half of the 20th century. This theory represents the merger of scientific management, bureaucratic theory, and administrative theory. Scientific management synthesizes workflows by focusing on getting the best resources for production tasks. Bureaucratic theory is an authority structure that is a system of organization and administration to ensure workplace efficiency. Administrative theory worked to establish a set of management principles that applied to all organizations (Chon, 2016). An advantage of the classical theory is that it is a hierarchical structure. The top level of management is board of directors and chief executives who are responsible for the organization’s long term goals. Middle management is responsible for goals of their specific department and the budget. Lower level supervisors oversee day-to-day operations. Bart is considered a low level supervisor; he implements processes so workers are trained to efficiently perform their jobs.
The school of thought and theorist that best depicts Bart’s management style is Frederick Taylor. Scientific Management, also called Taylorism, is a theory of management that analyzes work flows. Its main objective is improving workplace productivity. Bart’s management style improved productivity (toy assembly and shipping process).
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