The Sub Set Of Reverse Logistic

822 WordsSep 11, 20154 Pages
Various researches have RC as the sub-set of reverse logistic which according to Govindan et al. (2015), is to manage used products and packaging from customers such as recycling, repairing, remanufacturing and disposing. RCs, such as pallets, crates and barrels, are secondary packaging that are used for packaging products and are returned for future usage. Synonyms for the term are returnable container (such as Kroon and Vrijens (1995), Hanebeck et al. (2008) and Reza et al. (2011)), returnable transport item (such as Hellstrom (2009) and Kim et al. (2014)), returnable packaging (such as Rosenau et al. (1996) and Silva et al., 2013)). Kroon and Vrijens (1995) summarized that there are three returnable container systems: switch pool systems, systems with return logistics and systems without return logistics. They differentiate these three systems as the followings: 2.1.1 Switch Pool Systems Each pool-participant is responsible for its own allotment of containers. They are responsible for control, maintenance and storage of the containers. There are two variants. Firstly, the participants are the senders and the recipients. The carrier is responsible for deliver containers filled with products to the recipients (customers) or empty containers to the senders (suppliers). The other is that the carrier is also the participant (has its own allotment of container). The exchange of containers takes place every delivery. 2.1.2 Systems with Return Logistics Central service
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