The Texas Education Agency ( Tea )

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Site Based Decision Making, more commonly referred to as SBDM, was mandated by the state of Texas for implementation in 1992. The Texas Education Agency (TEA) set the definition of SBDM in 2010 as: Site-based decision making is a process for decentralizing decisions to improve the educational outcomes at every school campus through a collaborative effort by which principals, teachers, campus staff, district staff, parents, and community representatives assess educational outcomes of all students, determine goals and strategies, and ensure that strategies are implemented and adjusted to improve student achievement (p. 2). The purpose of SBDM is to give the stakeholders of a school more autonomy in all the decisions that are vital for a school to function properly. SBDM is based on the premise that “the most effective decisions are made by those who will actually implement the decisions” (TEA, 2010, p.1). The idea is that the people who are directly involved on a campus have a better gage as to what the deficiencies are and how they can most effectively and efficiently be solved better than individuals who are not on that campus, such as central office personnel. SBDM “is a process of decentralization and deregulation in which the school becomes the primary unit of management” (Aiken, et al, 1995). By implementing a SBDM committee, schools are able to build a collection of spokespersons to represent all stakeholders, and collectively, the committee can brainstorm, discuss,
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