What are the Main Influences of Intelligence?

Decent Essays

The 20th and 21rst centuries have seen incredible and important developments within the framework of scientific understanding of Humanity. The exponential growth of specific scientific and biological knowledge over time has called for the creation of multiple fields of specialization regarding human architecture. Human beings are essentially composed of strains of nucleic acid that determines a person’s individual traits. Does this mean that one’s existence is only defined by one’s gene? Is biodiversity in humanity solely based on different genotypes and phenotypic variations, therefore giving no credit to non-genetic factors in proving successful human development? In fact, human intelligence is not solely influenced by heredity. Non-genetic factors, for example the environment, encompass not only the physical, chemical and biological principles of intelligence, but also the numerous social and psychological ones that shape healthy development. This essay will investigate whether or not intelligence is fostered exclusively by genetic heritage or if nurturing and environmental factors play a role.
Human intelligence is an enigma that continues to intrigue scientists around the world as it has done throughout the History of humanity. Scientists and psychologists have been debating the subject of nature versus nurture for centuries. Since 3005 B.C., philosophers like Plato and Aristotle expressed different views on the issue. Plato favoured the belief that knowledge and

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