Essay about What is Asthma and How Is It Treated?

667 Words 3 Pages
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that cause airway hyper responsiveness, mucosa edema, and mucous production. The inflammation often leads to recurrent episodes of symptoms such as cough, chest tightness, wheezing and shortness of breath” (Brunner & Surddaths). Asthma episodes vary from mild to severe and can be provoked by various factors like allergens which can originate from pollens, grass, eggs, peanuts and chocolates. Or other factors like infections, environmental contaminants/toxins, exercise induced and exciting circumstances. Treatment of asthma starts with identification and avoidance of the recognized triggers. Inhalation or vaccination of bronchodilating drugs can help improve a mild asthmatic episode …show more content…
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that cause airway hyper responsiveness, mucosa edema, and mucous production. The inflammation often leads to recurrent episodes of symptoms such as cough, chest tightness, wheezing and shortness of breath” (Brunner & Surddaths). Asthma episodes vary from mild to severe and can be provoked by various factors like allergens which can originate from pollens, grass, eggs, peanuts and chocolates. Or other factors like infections, environmental contaminants/toxins, exercise induced and exciting circumstances. Treatment of asthma starts with identification and avoidance of the recognized triggers. Inhalation or vaccination of bronchodilating drugs can help improve a mild asthmatic episode but in some instance when the bronchodilator is less effective transporting the victim to the emergency care facility would be a necessity. Based on the RN priority nursing diagnosis of “Knowledge deficit related to the therapeutic regime” a care plan will be designed considering the assessments and the parent testimony of the child’s exhibit symptoms. Expected outcome: the patient will verbalize understanding of disease process, demonstrates proper breathing techniques during asthmatic episode, recognizes asthma triggers, and correctly describe the treatment plans and proper delivery of metered-dose inhaler by discharge from the emergency care facility.
Nursing intervention: Explain and reinforce explanations of the disease process (asthma)
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