What is Hyperglycemia

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Hyperglycemia is the condition where the blood glucose level is abnormally high and often related to diabetes mellitus. It is also the hallmark of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2. There are several causes of hyperglycemia. Type 1 diabetic patients have hyperglycemia because the patients do not have enough insulin while Type 2 patients usually have enough insulin but is not efficient as it should be. Other than that, lack of exercise and stress may as well cause hyperglycemia. One interesting cause of hyperglycemia is dawn phenomenon where hormones are highly produced around 4.00 a.m. to 5.00 a.m.. Everyone has experiences this condition. However, this is unfortunate for diabetic patient as they do not have normal insulin response to modulate to this condition. Diabetic patients’ specially Type 2 blood glucose level will normally increase significantly on early morning before breakfast (fasting glucose). This is due to more production of glucagon than insulin. Glucagon signals break down glycogen into glucose therefore increasing the blood glucose level. Another cause of hyperglycemia is pancreatitis where inflammation occurs on the pancreas. The inflammation may has caused by gallstone where it has block the pancreatic duct, high consummation of alcohol and trauma. Besides that, Cushing’s Syndrome may also contribute to hyperglycemia. Cushing’s Syndrome is the prolong exposure of cell tissue to hormone cortisol. Symptoms of hyperglycemia that are obviously seen are frequent
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