Mission Corpus Christi de la Ysleta, the first mission in Texas, was established by Antonio de Otermín and Fray Francisco de Ayeta in 1682 and was maintained by Franciscans for christianizing the Tigua Indians. The Tigua came as refugees and captives with the former Governor of New Mexico, Antonio de Otermín on his retreat to the El Paso area after his unsuccessful attempt to recover New Mexico in the winter of 1681–82 during the Pueblo Revolt. La Misión de la Ysleta del Sur, consecrated in 1682, was built by the Tigua (Tewa, Tiwa) speaking peoples originally from Isleta and Sandia Pueblos in New Mexico. The mission was located east of present day El Paso. The pueblo and mission were dedicated to the Tiguas' patron, St. Anthony of Padua, became the nucleus of a community that has existed for 300 years—the oldest continuously occupied settlement in Texas. Today, Ysleta Mission is on the National Registry of Historic Places and part of the National Historic Trail system of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro.
From northern New Mexico to West Texas
The Tigua have faced many challenges in the past three hundred years since arriving in what is now West Texas, and Mission Ysleta was become the place of meeting and mixing of cultures. The original mission church at Ysleta del Sur is believed to have been built of mud chinked logs and willow reeds. Later, Tigua labor built a permanent mission from adobe by 1682. Bishop Salpointe, of Tucson, dedicated the
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The Guadalupe Center is a religious nonprofit organization under the umbrella of the Providence Hospital community outreach program. The agency was founded in 2003 by the sisters of charity when they saw necessities of the Hispanic community and other underserve groups. The Guadalupe center was created to help immigrants who were being discriminated and undertreated because of their race, lack of education and language barrier. The Guadalupe Center used to be funded by Mission and Ministry Inc., but it is now completely funded by the Providence Hospital. Due to this changes in funding the Guadalupe Center had to move from Semmes were the agency had its own building to Cody Road in Mobile were they have to share the
It was during the time period that Christ was born that the Anasazi Indians appeared in the Four Corners area which is the area where the boundaries of Arizona, Utah, New Mexico and Colorado meet. For the over a thousand years the Anasazi thrived and built their homes into the side of cliffs. These cliff dwellings could only be reached by climbing and made for a great defense system against enemies; some dwellings reached five stories in height and contained hundreds of rooms. Many of the elaborate cliff dwellings and terraced apartment houses built of stone, mud, and wood that dot the Four Corners region still stand today and date back to about 9,000 CE., but the people who comprised this desert culture did not begin to settle into an agricultural lifestyle until around A.D. 400. The Anasazi, which is a Navajo word meaning “the ancient ones”, likely received corn, squash and beans, which are a prime source of protein, added to their diet and the knowledge to raise them from their southern neighbors in Mexico. Vegetable crops provided a reliable food source that made an increase in population possible and also allowed time for other interests such as religion, art, ritual, public works and handicrafts. This allowed the Anasazi society continued to evolve and progress. The ancient ones also possessed beans, a prime source of protein and new varieties of corn. Other innovations included the bow and arrow which eventually replaced spears and at least two varieties of dogs
The Huichol Indians are an indigenous group that lives “in the Sierra Madre Mountains of northwestern Mexico” (Woolcott). The Huichol religion is an animistic religion. According to Dr. Pamela Lindell, animistic religions are “religions that believe that all of nature – humans, animals, plants, rocks, the ocean, etc. - is animated by spirits and souls” (“Professor’s Notes 2” 3). To better understand the Huichol Indians and their religion, this paper examines Huichol myth, symbolism, rituals, religious specialists, and deities from various anthropological perspectives.
In times before the confrontation at the Alamo, the Mexican government welcomed settlers into Texas. The motive behind Mexico’s act was to create a buffer zone between Mexican settlements and the Indians. Settlers were able to come to Texas as long as they promised to convert to Catholicism and become Mexican citizens among other
With such a large presence of Spanish soldiers it would have been foolish for the Indians of Isleta to resist them. After failed attempts to recapture lands lost to the north, Governor Otermin finally decided to give up and proceeded south to greater safety of the Mission of Guadalupe at Juarez. The Spanish were accompanied by a group of Indians from mixed tribes, including a few Tigua. One in Juarez three camps for the Indians were established. Alvaro de Zualata was the first priest of the Sacramento camp was located on the present day site of the Mission Church at Ysleta, Texas. Ysleta, Texas, or Ysleta del Sur is the current location of the remaining Tigua Indians. Two other camps were also formed; St. Pedro de Alcantarra and Seneca del Sur. The present Church of Ysleta has an interesting record from this time stating that in addition to these camps set up by the Spanish, “a few Tigua try to found Ysleta del Sur in a nearby place.
In the early 1700s the Spanish set up a mission in Texas to house local Native Americans and convert individuals to Catholicism. The mission was founded by Antonio de San Buenaventura, and was called the San Antonio de Valero Mission. The mission had three locations. The first was near San Pedro Creek, the second was closer to where it is today and the third location of the mission is where the Alamo stands today. Alamo expert, Melinda Tomerlin, of alamo.org says, “While this is the third spot for Mission San Antonio de Valero, it is the only place the 'Alamo ' has ever been” (Tomerlin). In 1793 the Spanish government seized control of many missions, including the San Antonio de Valero Mission. They wanted to secularize the missions, and in the 1800s Spanish troops were stationed in the abandoned mission because of its key location. The mission then became a fort. The soldiers of the fort nicknamed it "El Alamo" (meaning cottonwood) because the fort stood in an orchid of cottonwood trees. After Mexico 's victory in the war for independence from Spain, Mexican soldiers were stationed at the fort until after the
Spanish settlers built the Mission San Antonio de Valero, named for St. Anthony of Padua, on the banks of the San Antonio River around 1718. They also established the nearby military garrison of San Antonio de Béxar, which soon became the center of a settlement known as San Fernando de Béxar (later renamed San Antonio). The Mission San Antonio de Valero housed missionaries and their Native American converts for some 70 years until 1793, when Spanish authorities secularized the five missions located in San Antonio and distributed their lands among local residents.Beginning in the early 1800s, Spanish military troops were stationed in the abandoned chapel of the former mission. Because it stood in a grove of cottonwood trees, the soldiers called
Religion was not a major reason for European exploration because many of the European traders and travelers wanted to get rich by finding gold or some other valuable object, people wanted to travel to another place because of their country’s poverty, disease, or and economic backwardness, and also that the Europeans started traveling more ever since their technology and navigation was more developed.
San Antonio Valero, a mission known by most as the Alamo, a symbol of not only American Nationalism, but also the quintessence of bravery and sovereignty. The Alamo mission was a three acre compound in San Antonio Texas that had been converted into a military garrison, although not
On June 17, 1527, Cabeza de Vaca set sail on the order to conquer and govern the lands from the Rio Grande to the cape of Florida. However, during his journey he encountered much devastation such as the wrecking of his ship which resulted in his separation from the majority of his Christian companions. Praying to God after every ordeal, Cabeza routinely sought after his Christian religion to guide him through his unexpected journey. While traveling through the interior of America, he also encountered many native tribes which inhabited the land. While most of the Spanish conquistadors in the sixteenth century spread their religion through warlike ways and rearranged societies
The Hualapai people are a tribe of Native Americans that are currently living in northwestern Arizona. The name Hualapai means “People of the Tall Pines”(“About Hualapai”). These people have a rich history that is passed on by oral tradition. These people have influences in hunting (“About Hualapai”). Through history, these people have not lost their culture and traditions.
While each mission is unique, most of what you learn in one is the same. My first visit to a mission was as a child with my grandmother. We visited San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo and San Juan Bautista. Both were presented as old churches that the Indians and Mexicans came to practice at and lived in. I looked through the glass cases and saw the tools and pictures and copies of the Bible. The placards described what the tools were used for and where the Bibles came from. The drawings showed Father Serra or the lands as they looked then.
Before the Alamo, the battle was named The Mission San Antonio de Valero, which was established in the 18th century. The soldiers who were there called the mission El Alamo after the cottonwood trees surrounding the land. Overtime, the mission was renamed the Alamo. Many of Spanish settlers built the Mission San Antonio de Valero on the banks of the San Antonio River around 1718. The Mission San Antonio de Valero happened to house not only missionaries, but their Native American converts as well. They did this for approximately 70 years until Spanish authorities decided to split up their land and distribute it to many of the residents. The Alamo was first occupied by Spanish soldiers. After the Spanish soldiers, Mexican soldiers came to occupy it.
The religion of the Aztec, including their beliefs, customs and religions, acted as a tremendous influence on their government, economy, and culture. Religion was the foundation for the infamous culture of the Aztec Civilization. Through ceremonies of sacrifice, and the infusion of cosmology into their religion, the Aztecs sculpted a culture unlike that of any other civilization, and left behind a legacy to be studied and admired for generations to come. Religion ultimately shaped the unique civilization of the Aztecs, through cultivating the general outlook and values of the Aztecs, expanding the empire, and influencing the architecture and layout of their city.
The book of Acts describes how Paul was ministering in Antioch with Barnabas, when he was directed by the Holy Spirit to be released from his Church duties. The Holy Spirit had another assignment for Paul, and that was to go and take the Gospel more widely. Some believe that this notion came from the Holy Spirit through fasting and prayer. Paul began his first missionary in the town of Antioch. Throughout Paul’s first missionary journey he was accompanied by Barnabas and Barnabas cousin John Mark.