menu
bartleby
search
close search
Hit Return to see all results

Aqueous sulfuric acidH2SO4will react with solid sodium hydroxideNaOHto produce aqueous sodium sulfateNa2SO4and liquid waterH2O.Suppose 87. g of sulfuric acid is mixed with 38.4 g of sodium hydroxide. Calculate the maximum mass of water that could be produced by the chemical reaction. Be sure your answer has the correct number of significant digits.

Question

Aqueous sulfuric acid

H2SO4

will react with solid sodium hydroxide

NaOH

to produce aqueous sodium sulfate

Na2SO4

and liquid water

H2O

.Suppose 87. g of sulfuric acid is mixed with 38.4 g of sodium hydroxide. Calculate the maximum mass of water that could be produced by the chemical reaction. Be sure your answer has the correct number of significant digits.

check_circleAnswer
Step 1

Limiting reagent is defined as a reactant which is present in limited quantity in the reaction. The reaction ceases after the consumption of the limiting reagent.

The theoretical yield of the product formed in the reaction is calculated by considering the number of moles of the limiting reagent.

The number of moles of a species is calculated by the expression (1) in which n is the number of moles, m is the mass and M is the molar mass of the species.

(1)
n
М
help_outline

Image Transcriptionclose

(1) n М

fullscreen
Step 2

The given reaction is represented in the equation (2).

The number of moles of sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide in the reaction are calculated in the equations (3) and (4) respectively.

H.SO, (aq)+ 2NaOH (s) —> Na,SO, (аq) + 2H,0(1)
(2)
вв .
87.0 g
Пнsо
98.08 g/mo
(3)
=0.887 mol
38.4 g
n
NaOH
40.0 g/mol
(4)
=0.96 mol
help_outline

Image Transcriptionclose

H.SO, (aq)+ 2NaOH (s) —> Na,SO, (аq) + 2H,0(1) (2) вв . 87.0 g Пнsо 98.08 g/mo (3) =0.887 mol 38.4 g n NaOH 40.0 g/mol (4) =0.96 mol

fullscreen
Step 3

In the reaction (2), one mole of sulfuric acid reacts with 2 moles of sodium hydroxide.

This means 0.48 moles of sulfuric acid are required for 0.96 mol of sodium hydroxide. But the number of ...

Want to see the full answer?

See Solution

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Our solutions are written by experts, many with advanced degrees, and available 24/7

See Solution
Tagged in

Science

Chemistry

General Chemistry

Related Chemistry Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by student like you

Show more Q&A add
question_answer

Q: If the radius of gold is 0.144 nm, what is the PD of the (111) plane for gold in m-2?

A: Convert unit of radius:

question_answer

Q: A solution is made using 80.1 g of toluene (MM = 92.13 g/mol) and 80.0 g of benzene (MM = 78.11 g/mo...

A: Given, Solution made using 80.1 g of toluene and 80.0 g of benzene. 

question_answer

Q: Consider the following system at equilibrium where H° = -111 kJ/mol, and Kc = 0.159, at 723 K.N2(g) ...

A: The given reaction is: 

question_answer

Q: A sample of a salt of nickel and phosphourus contains 2.348g of nickel metal and 0.827g of phosphoru...

A: Number of moles = given mass / molecular massMolecular mass of nickel = 58.69 g/molMolecular mass of...

question_answer

Q: Please answer question 2 and show all work.

A: From the calibration curve, the absorbance of 0.6 unit is obtained at 0.8 molar concentration of the...

question_answer

Q: 4. y, between the following pairs of 5. S. 6. Determine whether the following are redox reactions. F...

A: Redox reaction: A reaction in which both oxidation and reduction takes place and oxidation states of...

question_answer

Q: A salt crystal has a mass of 0.20 mg, How many NaCl formula units does it contain?

A: Given:Mass of NaCl = 0.20 mg = 2.0x10-4 g.Molar mass of NaCl = 58.44 g/mol.

question_answer

Q: Solutions of lead (II) nitrate and sodium carbonate are combined

A: Click to see the answer

question_answer

Q: What mass of SbF3 (179 g/mol) is needed to produce 1.00 g of Freon-12, CCl2F2 (molar mass = 121 g/mo...

A: The balanced equation of the reaction is given and the moles of CCl2F2 is calculated as shown,

Sorry about that. What wasn’t helpful?