Bladder State Smoking Lung Kidney Leukemia AL 18.2 2.9 17.05 1.59 6.15 AZ 25.82 3.52 19.8 2.75 6.61 AR CA 18.24 2.99 15.98 2.02 6.94 7.06 28.6 4.46 22.07 2.66 CT 31.1 5.11 22.83 3.35 7.2 DE 33.6 4.78 24.55 3.36 6.45 DC 40.46 5.6 27.27 3.13 7.08 FL 28.27 4.46 23.57 2.41 6.07 ID 20.1 3.08 13.58 2.46 6.62 27.91 IL 4.75 22.8 2.95 7.27 IN 26.18 4.09 20.3 2.81 7 1O 22.12 4.23 16.59 2.9 7.69 KS 21.84 2.91 16.84 2.88 7.42 KY 23.44 2.86 17.71 2.13 6.41 LA 21.58 4.65 25.45 2.3 6.71 ME 28.92 4.79 20.94 3.22 6.24 MD 25.91 5.21 26.48 2.85 6.81 MA 26.92 4.69 22.04 3.03 6.89 MI 24.96 5.27 22.72 2.97 6.91 MN 22.06 3.72 14.2 3.54 8.28 MS 16.08 3.06 15.6 1.77 6.08 MO 27.56 4.04 20.98 2.55 6.82 MT 23.75 3.95 19.5 3.43 6.9 NB 23.32 3.72 16.7 2.92 7.8 NE 42.4 6.54 23.03 2.85 6.67 NJ 28.64 5.98 25.95 3.12 7.12 21.16 NM 2.9 14.59 2.52 5.95 29.14 NY 5.3 25.02 3.1 7.23 ND 19.96 2.89 12.12 3.62 6.99 OH 26.38 4.47 21.89 2.95 7.38 OK 23.44 2.93 19.45 2.45 7.46 12.11 PE 23.78 4.89 2.75 6.83 RI 29.18 4.99 23.68 2.84 6.35 SC 18.06 3.25 17.45 14.11 2.05 5.82 SD 20.94 3.64 3.11 8.15 TE 20.08 2.94 17.6 2.18 6.59 TX 22.57 3.21 20.74 2.69 7.02 UT 14 3.31 12.01 2.2 6.71 25.89 4.63 VT 21.22 3.17 6.56 WA 21.17 4.04 20.34 2.78 7.48 WI 21.25 5.14 20.55 2.34 6.73 7.38 22.86 4.78 15.53 3.28 3.2 WY 28.04 15.92 2.66 5.78 AK 30.34 3.46 25.88 4.32 4.9

Question

Could you help me with these questions in regaurds to the table provided?

(2) Calculate covariance between smoking and the death rates from each of the 4 types of
cancer.
(3) Calculate correlation between smoking and the death rates from each of the 4 types of
cancer.
(4) Based on the results from steps (1) to (3), discuss the relationships between smoking and
the death rates from the four types of cancer.
Bladder
State
Smoking
Lung
Kidney
Leukemia
AL
18.2
2.9
17.05
1.59
6.15
AZ
25.82
3.52
19.8
2.75
6.61
AR
CA
18.24
2.99
15.98
2.02
6.94
7.06
28.6
4.46
22.07
2.66
CT
31.1
5.11
22.83
3.35
7.2
DE
33.6
4.78
24.55
3.36
6.45
DC
40.46
5.6
27.27
3.13
7.08
FL
28.27
4.46
23.57
2.41
6.07
ID
20.1
3.08
13.58
2.46
6.62
27.91
IL
4.75
22.8
2.95
7.27
IN
26.18
4.09
20.3
2.81
7
1O
22.12
4.23
16.59
2.9
7.69
KS
21.84
2.91
16.84
2.88
7.42
KY
23.44
2.86
17.71
2.13
6.41
LA
21.58
4.65
25.45
2.3
6.71
ME
28.92
4.79
20.94
3.22
6.24
MD
25.91
5.21
26.48
2.85
6.81
MA
26.92
4.69
22.04
3.03
6.89
MI
24.96
5.27
22.72
2.97
6.91
MN
22.06
3.72
14.2
3.54
8.28
MS
16.08
3.06
15.6
1.77
6.08
MO
27.56
4.04
20.98
2.55
6.82
MT
23.75
3.95
19.5
3.43
6.9
NB
23.32
3.72
16.7
2.92
7.8
NE
42.4
6.54
23.03
2.85
6.67
NJ
28.64
5.98
25.95
3.12
7.12
21.16
NM
2.9
14.59
2.52
5.95
29.14
NY
5.3
25.02
3.1
7.23
ND
19.96
2.89
12.12
3.62
6.99
OH
26.38
4.47
21.89
2.95
7.38
OK
23.44
2.93
19.45
2.45
7.46
12.11
PE
23.78
4.89
2.75
6.83
RI
29.18
4.99
23.68
2.84
6.35
SC
18.06
3.25
17.45
14.11
2.05
5.82
SD
20.94
3.64
3.11
8.15
TE
20.08
2.94
17.6
2.18
6.59
TX
22.57
3.21
20.74
2.69
7.02
UT
14
3.31
12.01
2.2
6.71
25.89
4.63
VT
21.22
3.17
6.56
WA
21.17
4.04
20.34
2.78
7.48
WI
21.25
5.14
20.55
2.34
6.73
7.38
22.86
4.78
15.53
3.28
3.2
WY
28.04
15.92
2.66
5.78
AK
30.34
3.46
25.88
4.32
4.9
Expand
Transcribed Image Text

Bladder State Smoking Lung Kidney Leukemia AL 18.2 2.9 17.05 1.59 6.15 AZ 25.82 3.52 19.8 2.75 6.61 AR CA 18.24 2.99 15.98 2.02 6.94 7.06 28.6 4.46 22.07 2.66 CT 31.1 5.11 22.83 3.35 7.2 DE 33.6 4.78 24.55 3.36 6.45 DC 40.46 5.6 27.27 3.13 7.08 FL 28.27 4.46 23.57 2.41 6.07 ID 20.1 3.08 13.58 2.46 6.62 27.91 IL 4.75 22.8 2.95 7.27 IN 26.18 4.09 20.3 2.81 7 1O 22.12 4.23 16.59 2.9 7.69 KS 21.84 2.91 16.84 2.88 7.42 KY 23.44 2.86 17.71 2.13 6.41 LA 21.58 4.65 25.45 2.3 6.71 ME 28.92 4.79 20.94 3.22 6.24 MD 25.91 5.21 26.48 2.85 6.81 MA 26.92 4.69 22.04 3.03 6.89 MI 24.96 5.27 22.72 2.97 6.91 MN 22.06 3.72 14.2 3.54 8.28 MS 16.08 3.06 15.6 1.77 6.08 MO 27.56 4.04 20.98 2.55 6.82 MT 23.75 3.95 19.5 3.43 6.9 NB 23.32 3.72 16.7 2.92 7.8 NE 42.4 6.54 23.03 2.85 6.67 NJ 28.64 5.98 25.95 3.12 7.12 21.16 NM 2.9 14.59 2.52 5.95 29.14 NY 5.3 25.02 3.1 7.23 ND 19.96 2.89 12.12 3.62 6.99 OH 26.38 4.47 21.89 2.95 7.38 OK 23.44 2.93 19.45 2.45 7.46 12.11 PE 23.78 4.89 2.75 6.83 RI 29.18 4.99 23.68 2.84 6.35 SC 18.06 3.25 17.45 14.11 2.05 5.82 SD 20.94 3.64 3.11 8.15 TE 20.08 2.94 17.6 2.18 6.59 TX 22.57 3.21 20.74 2.69 7.02 UT 14 3.31 12.01 2.2 6.71 25.89 4.63 VT 21.22 3.17 6.56 WA 21.17 4.04 20.34 2.78 7.48 WI 21.25 5.14 20.55 2.34 6.73 7.38 22.86 4.78 15.53 3.28 3.2 WY 28.04 15.92 2.66 5.78 AK 30.34 3.46 25.88 4.32 4.9

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