Classify the following statements as consistent or inconsistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it wasoriginally stated.HelpResetConsistentInconsistentA nitrogen atom has seven protons inits nucleus and seven electronsA phosphorus atom has 15 protons inits nucleus and 150 electrons outsideSince electrons are smaller thanprotons, and since a hydrogen atomcontains only one proton and oneelectron, it must follow that the volumeof a hydrogen atom is mostly due tothe proton.outside of its nucleus.of its nucleus.The majority of the mass of a fluorineatom is due to its nine electrons.

Question
Asked Aug 29, 2019
Classify the following statements as consistent or inconsistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it was
originally stated.
Help
Reset
Consistent
Inconsistent
A nitrogen atom has seven protons in
its nucleus and seven electrons
A phosphorus atom has 15 protons in
its nucleus and 150 electrons outside
Since electrons are smaller than
protons, and since a hydrogen atom
contains only one proton and one
electron, it must follow that the volume
of a hydrogen atom is mostly due to
the proton.
outside of its nucleus.
of its nucleus.
The majority of the mass of a fluorine
atom is due to its nine electrons.
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Classify the following statements as consistent or inconsistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it was originally stated. Help Reset Consistent Inconsistent A nitrogen atom has seven protons in its nucleus and seven electrons A phosphorus atom has 15 protons in its nucleus and 150 electrons outside Since electrons are smaller than protons, and since a hydrogen atom contains only one proton and one electron, it must follow that the volume of a hydrogen atom is mostly due to the proton. outside of its nucleus. of its nucleus. The majority of the mass of a fluorine atom is due to its nine electrons.

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check_circleExpert Solution
Step 1

by the use of rutherford’s nuclear theory, it is evident that the number of negatively charged electrons that lies outside the nucleus is equal to the number of positively charged ions that lie inside the nucleus.hence the total atom becomes neutral.

so the statement is consistent which tells that a nitrogen atom has seven protons in its nucleus and seven electrons outside the nucleus.

Step 2

rutherford’s nuclear theory states that the whole atom should be neutral because the number of protons inside the nucleus and the number of electrons outside the nucleus is the same.

it is given in the statement that phosphorous atom has 150 electrons outside the nucleus and 15 protons in its nucleus are totally inconsistent which violets the rutherford’s nuclear theory.

Step 3

in his nuclear theory Rutherford stated that the nucleus of an atom contains most of the mass of the atom and atom’s most space remains empty.

mass of the fluorine atom depends o...

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