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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem

List the characteristic physical properties that distinguish the metallic elements from the nonmetallic elements.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To determine, the characteristic physical properties that distinguish the metallic elements from the non-metallic elements.

Concept Introduction:

Periodic table is arrangement of different elements with the help of columns and rows in order to characterize elements with similar properties in same groups such as alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halides, noble gases, transition elements etc. In the periodic table, columns represent groups and rows represents periods.

Element:

An element is a simplest type of a pure substance which is composed of only one type of matter. For examples; silver, gold platinum etc.

Metal:

Metals are hard, shiny, malleable, fusible, and ductile. They are good conductor of heat and electricity. They are located to the left of the periodic table.

Metalloid:

Metalloids have properties of both metals and non-metals. They are in the middle of the periodic table.

Non metal:

A non-metal has no lustre, with poor electrical and thermal conductivity. They are in right side of the periodic table

Valence electron: The electrons which are present in the outer most energy level is known as valence electron. Number of valence electrons can be calculated by the group number of the element. Generally, the group number is same as the valance electrons of any elements.

Explanation

The characteristic physical properties that distinguish the metallic elements from the non-metallic elements are as follows:

  1. Metal are electro-positive in nature while non-metal is electro- negative in nature.
  2. Generally, metals are hard, (except Hg), shiny, malleable, fusible, and ductile while non-metals are brittle in nature.
  3. Metal shows good electrical and thermal conductivity while non −metals show very poor electrical and thermal conductivity...

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