# The one-line diagram of a three-phase power system is as shown in Figure 32 Impedances are marked in per unit on a 100-MVA, 400-kV base. The load at bus 2 is S2--15.93 MW-J33.4 Mvar, and at bus 3 İs S3-77 MN +jl4 Mvar. It is required to hold the voltage at bus 3 at 4000° kV. Working in per unit, determine the voltage at buses 2 and V1 V2 V3 j0.5 pu j0.4 pu 3

Load flow analysis

Load flow analysis is a study or numerical calculation of the power flow of power in steady-state conditions in any electrical system. It is used to determine the flow of power (real and reactive), voltage, or current in a system under any load conditions.

Nodal Matrix

The nodal matrix or simply known as admittance matrix, generally in engineering term it is called Y Matrix or Y bus, since it involve matrices so it is also referred as a n into n order matrix that represents a power system with n number of buses. It shows the buses' nodal admittance in a power system. The Y matrix is rather sparse in actual systems with thousands of buses. In the power system the transmission cables connect each bus to only a few other buses. Also the important data that one needs for have a power flow study is the Y Matrix.

Types of Buses

A bus is a type of system of communication that transfers data between the components inside a computer or between two or more computers. With multiple hardware connections, the earlier buses were parallel electrical wires but the term "bus" is now used for any type of physical arrangement which provides the same type of logical functions similar to the parallel electrical bus. Both parallel and bit connections are used by modern buses. They can be wired either electrical parallel or daisy chain topology or are connected by hubs which are switched same as in the case of Universal Serial Bus or USB.

The one-line diagram of a three-phase power system is as shown in the figure attached. Impedances are marked in per unit on a 100-MVA, 400-kv base. The load at bus 2 is S(sub 2) = 15.93 MW - j33.4 Mvar, and bus 3 is S(sub 3) = 77MW + j14 Mvar. I tis required to hold the voltage at bus 3 at 400 angle 0 degrees kV. Working in per unit, determine the voltage at buses 2 and 1.

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