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Structural Analysis

6th Edition
KASSIMALI + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage,
ISBN: 9781337630931

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Structural Analysis

6th Edition
KASSIMALI + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage,
ISBN: 9781337630931
Chapter 10, Problem 20P
Textbook Problem
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Determine the force in each member of the trusses shown in Figs. P10.1–P10.5 by utilizing structural symmetry.

Chapter 10, Problem 20P, Determine the force in each member of the trusses shown in Figs. P10.1P10.5 by utilizing structural

FIG. P10.5, P10.20

To determine

Find the force in each member of the truss using structural symmetry.

Explanation of Solution

Given information:

The structure is given in the Figure.

The young’s modulus E and area A is constant.

Apply the sign conventions for calculating reactions, forces, and moments using the three equations of equilibrium as shown below.

  • For summation of forces along x-direction is equal to zero (Fx=0), consider the forces acting towards right side as positive (+) and the forces acting towards left side as negative ().
  • For summation of forces along y-direction is equal to zero (Fy=0), consider the upward force as positive (+) and the downward force as negative ().
  • For summation of moment about a point is equal to zero (Matapoint=0), consider the clockwise moment as negative and the counter clockwise moment as positive.

Method of joints:

The negative value of force in any member indicates compression (C) and the positive value of force in any member indicates tension (T).

Calculation:

Refer the given structure.

The structure is symmetric with respect to the s axis.

Divide the magnitudes of forces and moments of the given loading by 2 to obtain the half loading.

Sketch the half loading for the given structure as shown in Figure 1.

Draw the reflection of half loading about the specified axis s.

Sketch the reflection of half loading as shown in Figure 2.

Add the half loading and reflection of half loading to find the symmetric component.

Sketch the symmetric loading component as shown in Figure 3.

Subtract the symmetric loading component from the given loading to obtain the antisymmetric component.

Sketch the antisymmetric loading component as shown in Figure 4.

Find the member forces due to symmetric loading component:

Sketch the substructure with symmetric boundary conditions as shown in Figure 5.

Find the reactions and member end forces of substructure using equilibrium equations and to the left of s axis.

The member end forces to the right of s axis are obtained by the reflection.

Refer the given Figure.

The angle made by the member ADC is equal to BEC.

The angle of AD to the horizontal is,

tanAD=42AD=63.43°

The angle of AE to the horizontal is,

tanAE=46AE=33.69°

Summation of forces along y-direction is equal to 0.

+Fy=010+Ay=0Ay=10kN

Summation of moments about A is equal to 0.

MA=0Cx×(4tan33.69°)2.5×410×2=02.667Cx=30Cx=11.25kN

Summation of forces along x-direction is equal to 0.

+Fx=02.5+AxCx=02.5+Ax11.25=0Ax=8.75kN

Consider joint A, find the force in the member AC and AD:

Summation of forces along y-direction is equal to 0.

+Fy=010+FADsin(63.43°)+FACsin(33.69°)=0FADsin(63.43°)+FACsin(33.69°)=10 (1)

Summation of forces along x-direction is equal to 0.

+Fx=08.75+FADcos(63.43°)+FACcos(33

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