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Survey of Accounting (Accounting I)

8th Edition
Carl Warren
ISBN: 9781305961883

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Survey of Accounting (Accounting I)

8th Edition
Carl Warren
ISBN: 9781305961883
Textbook Problem

Machine replacement decision

Creekside Products Inc. is considering replacing an old piece of machinery, which cost $315,000 and has $130,000 of accumulated depreciation to date, with a new machine that costs $275,000. The old machine could be sold for $140,000. The annual variable production costs associated with the old machine are estimated to be $30,000 for eight years. The annual variable production costs for the new machine are estimated to be $9,000 for eight years.
a.Determine the total and annualized differential income or loss anticipated from replacing the old machine.
b.What is the sunk cost in thus situation?

To determine

Concept Introduction:

Decision making plays an important role in the management. The decisions taken by managers are called managerial decisions. Managerial Decisions are decisions taken by managers for the operations of a firm. These decisions include setting target growth rates, hiring or firing employees, and deciding what products to sell. Manager's decisions are taken on the basis of quantitative as well as the qualitative measures. The managerial decision includes the decisions like make or buy, accept or reject new offers, sell or further process etc. These decisions are taken on the basis of relevant costs.

Relevant costs are the costs that are relevant for any decision making. Relevant costs are helpful for take managerial decisions like make or buy, accept or reject new offers, sell or further process etc.

Two basic types of the relevant costs are as follows:

  1. Out-of-pocket costs
  2. Opportunity costs

Requirement-a:

To Calculate:

The annual differential income or loss from replacing the old machine

Explanation

The annual differential income or loss from replacing the old machine is calculated as follows:

    Annual Value
    Sale Value of old machine (140000/8) $ 17,500
To determine

Concept Introduction:

Decision making plays an important role in the management. The decisions taken by managers are called managerial decisions. Managerial Decisions are decisions taken by managers for the operations of a firm. These decisions include setting target growth rates, hiring or firing employees, and deciding what products to sell. Manager's decisions are taken on the basis of quantitative as well as the qualitative measures. The managerial decision includes the decisions like make or buy, accept or reject new offers, sell or further process etc. These decisions are taken on the basis of relevant costs.

Relevant costs are the costs that are relevant for any decision making. Relevant costs are helpful for take managerial decisions like make or buy, accept or reject new offers, sell or further process etc.

Two basic types of the relevant costs are as follows:

  1. Out-of-pocket costs
  2. Opportunity costs

Requirement-b:

To Indicate:

The sunk cost in the given situation

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