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General, Organic, and Biological C...

7th Edition
H. Stephen Stoker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285853918

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

General, Organic, and Biological C...

7th Edition
H. Stephen Stoker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285853918
Chapter 12.10, Problem 1QQ
Textbook Problem
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A secondary carbon atom is directly bonded to how many other carbon atoms?

  1. a. 2
  2. b. 3
  3. c. 4
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The total number of carbon atoms that a secondary carbon atom is directly bonded to has to be found from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

In a hydrocarbon structure, each and every carbon atoms are classified as primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary carbon atom.

If a carbon atom in an organic molecule is directly bonded to only one another carbon atom is known as primary carbon atom.

If a carbon atom in an organic molecule is directly bonded to two other carbon atoms is known as secondary carbon atom.

If a carbon atom in an organic molecule is directly bonded to three other carbon atoms is known as tertiary carbon atom.

If a carbon atom in an organic molecule is directly bonded to four another carbon atom is known as quaternary carbon atom.

These carbon atoms are denoted by notations as, 1° for primary, 2° for secondary, 3° for tertiary and 4° for quaternary.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for correct option:

The carbon atom that is considered is a secondary carbon atom.  A secondary carbon atom is the one which is bonded to two other carbon atoms.  Therefore, the correct option among the given option is option (a).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (b) tells that the secondary carbon atom is bonded to three other carbon atoms.  Secondary carbon atom is the one which is bonded to two other carbon atoms...

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Chapter 12 Solutions

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
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Ch. 12.5 - Which of the following is an incorrect structural...Ch. 12.5 - The bond line in the structural formula CH3CH3...Ch. 12.6 - Isomers are compounds that have a. the same...Ch. 12.6 - One of the two four-carbon alkane constitutional...Ch. 12.6 - Constitutional isomers become possible in alkanes...Ch. 12.6 - How many of the three constitutional isomeric...Ch. 12.7 - How many branches are present in the alkane with...Ch. 12.7 - The structural formulas represent a. two alkane...Ch. 12.8 - The relationship between an alkyl group and its...Ch. 12.8 - The name for the alkyl group CH3CH2CH2 is a....Ch. 12.8 - Which of the following statements about IUPAC...Ch. 12.8 - The IUPAC name for the alkane is a. methane...Ch. 12.8 - The IUPAC name for the alkane is a....Ch. 12.8 - Which of the following alkanes contains eight...Ch. 12.8 - The number of alkyl groups and the number of...Ch. 12.9 - How many carbon atoms are present in the alkane ?...Ch. 12.9 - The line-angle structural formula for the alkane,...Ch. 12.10 - A secondary carbon atom is directly bonded to how...Ch. 12.10 - In which of the following alkanes are both 2 and 3...Ch. 12.11 - The number of different three-carbon and...Ch. 12.11 - Which of the following is not a representation for...Ch. 12.11 - Which of the following is a representation for a...Ch. 12.12 - When the molecular formulas for cyclic and...Ch. 12.12 - How many carbon atoms are present in the...Ch. 12.12 - How many hydrogen atoms are present in a...Ch. 12.13 - The IUPAC name for the cycloalkane is a....Ch. 12.13 - Which of the following cycloalkanes does not...Ch. 12.13 - Which of the following is an incorrect IUPAC name...Ch. 12.14 - How many constitutional isomers are possible for a...Ch. 12.14 - For which of the following cycloalkanes is...Ch. 12.14 - Which of the following cycloalkane structures has...Ch. 12.15 - Which of the following statements concerning...Ch. 12.15 - Which of the following is not a mixture of cyclic...Ch. 12.16 - Which of the following is a general physical...Ch. 12.16 - Which of the following statements concerning...Ch. 12.16 - Which of the following alkanes is a gas at room...Ch. 12.17 - The most important chemical use for alkanes...Ch. 12.17 - The chemical products formed when an alkane...Ch. 12.17 - Which of the following is not a product when an...Ch. 12.17 - Which of the following statements concerning the...Ch. 12.18 - What is the IUPAC name for the compound whose...Ch. 12.18 - What is the common name for the compound whose...Ch. 12.18 - The halogenated methanes methylene chloride and...Ch. 12.18 - A Freon is a halogenated methane in which both a....Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following compounds...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following compounds...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following situations...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following situations...Ch. 12 - What is the difference between a hydrocarbon and a...Ch. 12 - Contrast hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon derivatives...Ch. 12 - What is the difference between a saturated...Ch. 12 - What structural feature is present in an...Ch. 12 - Classify each of the following hydrocarbons as...Ch. 12 - Classify each of the following hydrocarbons as...Ch. 12 - Using the general formula for an alkane, derive...Ch. 12 - Using the general formula for an alkane, derive...Ch. 12 - Convert the following expanded structural formulas...Ch. 12 - Convert the following expanded structural formulas...Ch. 12 - Convert the expanded structural formulas in...Ch. 12 - Convert the expanded structural formulas in...Ch. 12 - Convert the expanded structural formulas in...Ch. 12 - Convert the expanded structural formulas in...Ch. 12 - Draw the indicated type of formula for the...Ch. 12 - Draw the indicated type of formula for the...Ch. 12 - Determine the following for the six-carbon alkane...Ch. 12 - Determine the following for the five-carbon alkane...Ch. 12 - What, if anything, is wrong with the following...Ch. 12 - What, if anything, is wrong with the following...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following would be...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following would be...Ch. 12 - Explain why two alkanes with the molecular...Ch. 12 - Explain why two different straight-chain alkanes...Ch. 12 - With the help of Table 12-1, indicate how many...Ch. 12 - With the help of Table 12-1, indicate how many...Ch. 12 - How many of the numerous eight-carbon alkane...Ch. 12 - How many of the numerous seven-carbon alkane...Ch. 12 - For each of the following pairs of structures,...Ch. 12 - For each of the following pairs of structures,...Ch. 12 - Convert each of the following linear condensed...Ch. 12 - Convert each of the following linear condensed...Ch. 12 - Draw condensed structural formulas that do not...Ch. 12 - Draw condensed structural formulas that do not...Ch. 12 - What is the name of the IUPAC prefix associated...Ch. 12 - What is the name of the IUPAC prefix associated...Ch. 12 - What is the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 12 - What is the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 12 - What is the chemical formula for each of the...Ch. 12 - What is the chemical formula for each of the...Ch. 12 - The first step in naming an alkane is to identify...Ch. 12 - The first step in naming an alkane is to identify...Ch. 12 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 12 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 12 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 12 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 12 - Draw a condensed structural formula for each of...Ch. 12 - Draw a condensed structural formula for each of...Ch. 12 - For each of the alkanes in Problem 12-53,...Ch. 12 - For each of the alkanes in Problem 12-54,...Ch. 12 - Explain why the name given for each of the...Ch. 12 - Explain why the name given for each of the...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether or not the two alkanes in each of...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether or not the two alkanes in each of...Ch. 12 - How many of the 18 C8 alkane constitutional...Ch. 12 - How many of the nine C7 alkane constitutional...Ch. 12 - Convert each of the following line-angle...Ch. 12 - Convert each of the following line-angle...Ch. 12 - Convert each of the following line-angle...Ch. 12 - Convert each of the following line-angle...Ch. 12 - Do the line-angle structural formulas in each of...Ch. 12 - Do the line-angle structural formulas in each of...Ch. 12 - Convert each of the condensed structural formulas...Ch. 12 - Convert each of the condensed structural formulas...Ch. 12 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the compounds in...Ch. 12 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the compounds in...Ch. 12 - Determine the molecular formula for each of the...Ch. 12 - Determine the molecular formula for each of the...Ch. 12 - For each of the alkane structures in Problem...Ch. 12 - For each of the alkane structures in Problem...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether or not both 2 and 3 carbon atoms...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether or not both 2 and 3 carbon atoms...Ch. 12 - Draw the condensed structural formula for an...Ch. 12 - Draw the condensed structural formula for an...Ch. 12 - Give the name of the branched alkyl group attached...Ch. 12 - Give the name of the branched alkyl group attached...Ch. 12 - Draw condensed structural formulas for the...Ch. 12 - Draw condensed structural formulas for the...Ch. 12 - To which carbon atoms in a hexane molecule can...Ch. 12 - To which carbon atoms in a heptane molecule can...Ch. 12 - Using IUPAC rules, name the following complex...Ch. 12 - Using IUPAC rules, name the following complex...Ch. 12 - Give an acceptable alternate name for each of the...Ch. 12 - Give an acceptable alternate name for each...Ch. 12 - How many different alkyl groups exist that contain...Ch. 12 - How many different alkyl groups exist that contain...Ch. 12 - Using the general formula for a cycloalkane,...Ch. 12 - Using the general formula for a cycloalkane,...Ch. 12 - What is the molecular formula for each of the...Ch. 12 - What is the molecular formula for each of the...Ch. 12 - How many alkyl groups are present in each of the...Ch. 12 - How many alkyl groups are present in each of the...Ch. 12 - How many secondary carbon atoms are present in...Ch. 12 - How many secondary carbon atoms are present in...Ch. 12 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 12 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 12 - What is wrong with each of the following attempts...Ch. 12 - What is wrong with each of the following attempts...Ch. 12 - Draw line-angle structural formulas for the...Ch. 12 - Draw line-angle structural formulas for the...Ch. 12 - What is the molecular formula for each of the...Ch. 12 - What is the molecular formula for each of the...Ch. 12 - Classify each of the compounds in Problem 12-107...Ch. 12 - Classify each of the compounds in Problem 12-108...Ch. 12 - Determine the number of constitutional isomers...Ch. 12 - Determine the number of constitutional isomers...Ch. 12 - Determine whether cistrans isomerism is possible...Ch. 12 - Determine whether cistrans isomerism is possible...Ch. 12 - Classify as cis- or trans- the positioning of the...Ch. 12 - Classify as cis- or trans- the positioning of the...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether the members of each of the...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether the members of each of the...Ch. 12 - In terms of the types of hydrocarbons present,...Ch. 12 - In terms of the types of hydrocarbons present,...Ch. 12 - What physical property of hydrocarbons is the...Ch. 12 - Describe the process by which crude petroleum is...Ch. 12 - Which member in each of the following pairs of...Ch. 12 - Which member in each of the following pairs of...Ch. 12 - With the help of Figures 12-11 and 12-12,...Ch. 12 - With the help of Figures 12-11 and 12-12,...Ch. 12 - Answer the following questions about the...Ch. 12 - Answer the following questions about the...Ch. 12 - Write the formulas of the products from the...Ch. 12 - Write the formulas of the products from the...Ch. 12 - Write molecular formulas for all the possible...Ch. 12 - Write molecular formulas for all the possible...Ch. 12 - Write structural formulas for all the possible...Ch. 12 - Write structural formulas for all the possible...Ch. 12 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 12 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 12 - Name each of the compounds in Problem 12-135 as an...Ch. 12 - Name each of the compounds in Problem 12-136 as an...Ch. 12 - Draw structural formulas for the following...Ch. 12 - Draw structural formulas for the following...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following molecular...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether each of the following molecular...Ch. 12 - Which member of each of the following pairs of...Ch. 12 - Which member of each of the following pairs of...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether or not the following halogenated...Ch. 12 - Indicate whether or not the following halogenated...Ch. 12 - Give the IUPAC names for the eight isomeric...Ch. 12 - Give the IUPAC names for the nine isomeric...

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