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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

An eight-year-old child with diabetes is eating birthday cake at school. What is a likely explanation?

  1. a. The child has type 2 diabetes and is obese.
  2. b. The child has type 1 diabetes and he has adjusted his insulin pump to cover the cake.
  3. c. The child’s chronic condition is not managed well, as cake is not allowed.
  4. d. The child had eaten a high-protein food with little carbohydrate at lunch.

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Diabetes is a metabolic disease related to high sugar level in the blood. There are two types of diabetes based on the reasons leading to this condition. The type I diabetes is the one in which the body fails to produce insulin due to the body’s own immune system destroying itself. The individuals with type II diabetes develop insulin resistance slowly over time due to various reasons such as obesity, consuming unhealthy diet, and lack of physical activity.

Explanation

Reason for the correct statement:

Option b. is given as “The child has type 1 diabetes and he has adjusted his insulin pump to cover the cake”.

Type 1 diabetes is an immune disorder affecting insulin production in the body. Insulin is required for the absorption of glucose from the blood. Eating cake would elevate the child’s blood glucose levels. However, as he had adjusted his insulin pump to cover the cake, his blood glucose levels would not exceed the recommended levels. Therefore, he can safely consume it.

Hence, option b. is correct.

Reasons for the incorrect statement:

Option a. is given as “The child has type 2 diabetes and is obese”.

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance developing due to various reasons including obesity. A person with type 2 diabetes needs to restrict his sugar intake as it can have a negative effect on his health...

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