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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 15, Problem 64E
Textbook Problem
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Which of the following detergent molecules are biodegradable?

Chapter 15, Problem 64E, Which of the following detergent molecules are biodegradable?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given detergent molecules which are biodegradable are to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Detergent molecules have polar and non-polar sides which help in the dissolution of non-polar molecules to the non-polar side and polar molecules to the polar sides.

The detergent molecules having straight chain can be decomposed and are biodegradable.

Explanation of Solution

a)

The molecules which have polar and non-polar sides that help in dissolving a polar molecule to the polar side and a nonpolar molecule to the nonpolar side are known as detergents. The given figure shows an unbranched chain of a detergent molecule. Since bacteria can degrade straight-chained molecules, the detergent is biodegradable.

b)

The molecules which cause dissolution of a polar molecule to the polar side and a nonpolar molecule to the nonpolar side are known as detergents...

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Chapter 15 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 15 - What are the problems associated with using soap...Ch. 15 - What are the advantages of synthetic detergents...Ch. 15 - What is the difference between ABS synthetic...Ch. 15 - Explain the differences between anionic...Ch. 15 - What kinds of surfactants are used in todays...Ch. 15 - What is a builder?Ch. 15 - Why is sodium tripolyphosphate no longer used as a...Ch. 15 - Define eutrophication.Ch. 15 - What substances have replaced tripolyphosphate in...Ch. 15 - Explain the role of each substance in...Ch. 15 - What are the active ingredients in drain cleaners,...Ch. 15 - What are the active ingredients in toilet bowl...Ch. 15 - Why should drain cleaners and toilet bowl cleaners...Ch. 15 - What are the three types of interactions that...Ch. 15 - Explain why allowing hair to dry in curlers...Ch. 15 - Explain why high pH will damage hair.Ch. 15 - Explain how permanent curling of hair is...Ch. 15 - Why are shampoos more effective in cleaning hair...Ch. 15 - What is the purpose of hair rinses or...Ch. 15 - What pigments are responsible for the color of...Ch. 15 - How can hair be lightened and darkened?Ch. 15 - Why is it important for skin to be moist, but not...Ch. 15 - What are the main ingredients in creams lotions?...Ch. 15 - How do sunscreens protect your skin from the Suns...Ch. 15 - What are the main ingredients in lipstick?Ch. 15 - What are the main ingredients in facial...Ch. 15 - Explain what is happening with molecules in the...Ch. 15 - What kinds of fragrances are used in perfumes? Are...Ch. 15 - Explain the three notes in a perfume and the kinds...Ch. 15 - What is the cause of body odor?Ch. 15 - How do deodorants help eliminate body odor?Ch. 15 - How do antiperspirants work?Ch. 15 - Define each term: a. monomer b. polymer c....Ch. 15 - What are the main uses of high-density...Ch. 15 - What are some of the uses of polypropylene,...Ch. 15 - Explain why Teflon resists sticking and chemical...Ch. 15 - Define each of the following: a. thermoplastic b....Ch. 15 - What are each of the following polymers used for?...Ch. 15 - Sodium stearate is a soap with the molecular...Ch. 15 - Sodium palmitate is a soap with the molecular...Ch. 15 - The salt bridges that hold hair protein (keratin)...Ch. 15 - Draw the structure of a salt bridge between two...Ch. 15 - The hydrochloric acid present in toilet bowl...Ch. 15 - Suppose you ran out of toilet cleaner in your...Ch. 15 - When air cools at night, water often condenses out...Ch. 15 - When relative humidity is high, sweat does not...Ch. 15 - A certain perfume tends to lack a top note. What...Ch. 15 - A certain perfume tends to lack a bottom note....Ch. 15 - Draw a section of the polyethylene polymer about...Ch. 15 - Draw a section of the polyethylene polymer about...Ch. 15 - Give the structure of the monomer from which the...Ch. 15 - Give the structure of the addition polymer that...Ch. 15 - Give the structure of the condensation copolymer...Ch. 15 - Give the structure of the condensation copolymer...Ch. 15 - You are planning a backpacking trip and notice...Ch. 15 - One of the advantages of polymers is their...Ch. 15 - Which of the following detergent molecules are...Ch. 15 - What is wrong with this molecular picture of a...

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