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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. According to the Brønsted-Lowry model, a base is a species that protons.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

A base according to Bronsted-Lowry model should be defined.

Concept Introduction:

The Bronsted-Lowry model is also known as proton model for acids and bases. It defines acids and bases on the basis of their nature with respect to hydrogen ion H+. According to Bronsted-Lowry model, acids are proton donor and bases are proton acceptor.

On the basis of this theory, a substance can behave as an acid only if a base is also present in the same solution and a substance can behave as a base only if an acid is present. On donating proton, acid forms base and on accepting proton, base forms acid. The base and acid so formed are known as conjugate base and acid of the acidic and basic substances respectively.

For example, ammonia and hydrochloric acid can act as Bronsted-Lowry base and acid in the presence of each other as follows:

HCl+NH3NH4++Cl.

Explanation

According to Bronsted-Lowry model, base accepts protons. For example, ammonia NH3 which can be represented by the following reaction:

NH3+H+NH4+

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