   Chapter 14, Problem 10RQ

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

# For oxyacids, how does acid strength depend ona. the strength of the bond to the acidic hydrogen atom?b. the electronegativity of the element bonded to the oxygen atom that bears the acidic hydrogen?c. the number of oxygen atoms?How does the strength of a conjugate base depend on these factors?What type of solution forms when a nonmetal oxide dissolves in water? Give an example of such an oxide. What type of solution forms when a metal oxide dissolves in water? Give an example of such an oxide.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The dependency of acidic strength on various factors, strength of conjugate base on these factors types of solution formed when non-metal oxide dissolves in water, types of solution forming when a metal oxide dissolves in water is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Acidic strength depends upon the number of oxygen atoms attaches, electronegativity of the element bonded to the oxygen atom that bears the hydrogen atom. Strength of conjugate base works just opposite to the strength of acids. Nonmetals and metals, upon dissolving in water form acidic and basic solutions respectively.

To determine: The dependency of acidic strength on the strength of the bond to the acidic hydrogen atom.

Explanation

Explanation

The acidic strength increases upon an increase in the covalent nature of O-X bond.

If the bond strength attached to the acidic hydrogen atom is strong then it will increase the strength of O-X bond and O-X bond will be more covalent

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The dependency of acidic strength on various factors, strength of conjugate base on these factors types of solution formed when non-metal oxide dissolves in water, types of solution forming when a metal oxide dissolves in water is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Acidic strength depends upon the number of oxygen atoms attaches, electronegativity of the element bonded to the oxygen atom that bears the hydrogen atom. Strength of conjugate base works just opposite to the strength of acids. Nonmetals and metals, upon dissolving in water form acidic and basic solutions respectively.

To determine: The dependency of acidic strength on the electronegativity of the element bonded to the oxygen atom that bears the acidic hydrogen.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The dependency of acidic strength on various factors, strength of conjugate base on these factors types of solution formed when non-metal oxide dissolves in water, types of solution forming when a metal oxide dissolves in water is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Acidic strength depends upon the number of oxygen atoms attaches, electronegativity of the element bonded to the oxygen atom that bears the hydrogen atom. Strength of conjugate base works just opposite to the strength of acids. Nonmetals and metals, upon dissolving in water form acidic and basic solutions respectively.

To determine: The dependency of acidic strength on the number of oxygen atoms.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The dependency of acidic strength on various factors, strength of conjugate base on these factors types of solution formed when non-metal oxide dissolves in water, types of solution forming when a metal oxide dissolves in water is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Acidic strength depends upon the number of oxygen atoms attaches, electronegativity of the element bonded to the oxygen atom that bears the hydrogen atom. Strength of conjugate base works just opposite to the strength of acids. Nonmetals and metals, upon dissolving in water form acidic and basic solutions respectively.

To determine: The strength of conjugate base on above mentioned factors; types of solution formed when non-metal oxide dissolves in water and the types of solution forming when a metal oxide dissolves in water.

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